Lecture No. 3 Sovereignty, the International System, and Globalization Friday, January 25 , 2013
The Cold War International System
The Cold War was a super power confrontation between the USSR and America; components of
political, economic, and ideological. The focus of international relations was on Europe. The Proxy Wars
was assumed that the people would in war that took place in other countries. The Cold War is just one
episode in “East - West” relation. With the end in 1990, there was a spread around the globe that
challenged the boundaries of the state; a new discourse emerged about the origins of globalizations.
The Westphalian International System
The Westphalian international system was born following the Thirty Years War (1616 - 1648) first
started with split of Christianity. Then there was a conflict between the Holy Roman Empire and the
various local states. These authorities claim supreme authorities. The Treaty of Westphalia (1648) put an
end this. It gave a sense of a Constitution that brought down the Holy Roman Empire; it broke down the
land into smaller part. Many have argued that it is the birth of modern state sovereignty. Freedom of
intervention of other states. The “big bang” of the modern international system (exclusive territoriality,
legal equality, non-intervention, etc.). These new territorial states are legally considered equals. No
state was allowed to intervene in the domestic affairs of other states.
Problems with the “big bang” theory is that while the treaty defined sovereign state legally equal.
Sovereignty is not a legal phenomenon or social. Came in to place before the Thirty Years War because it
forced those ruler who wanted supreme authority, and levy extreme taxation. States also make wars,
but wars make states because there is a concentration of military power. Modern sovereignty is a
gradual process that took over centuries: 1555, 1713, 1789 (the emergence of nations), 1815, 1919, and
1945. Ethic nations and civic nations; based on the identity. Ethic nations tend to be more cultural
operated, for example, Germany. Civic nations are more common in cultural more diverse sates, for
example, Canada. Until the 1960s, African – Americans were excluded from citizenship in the United
The sovereignty is did not completely change. There is a continuity of dynastic and feudal relations;
rulers tried to solve political problems through marriage. Discourse of Westphalia into the 19 century.
State sovereignty has changed. Political changes (e.g. from monarch. to parliament sovereignty).
Economic changes (e.g. from mercantilism to liberalism). It no longer was necessary for the