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Lecture No. 7 Institutions and States.docx

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Carleton University
Political Science
PSCI 1100
Hans Martin Jaeger

Lecture No. 7 Institutions and States Friday, March 1 , 2013 Politics Power Instittions The State Institutions Informal (sociological) institutions are relatively enduring patterns of rules and norms (e.g. the family, friendship, property). Formal (political) institutions are forms of organization with codified rules (e.g. parliaments, courts, international organizations, elections). A process such as election involves a formal process of organization. Institutional dynamics: agency (knowledgeable practice) and structure (sets of rules and resources). Social and political outcomes are results of the interplay of agency and structure (e.g. elections). Take into account the relations between the agency and structure. States are both agents (e.g. providers of public goods) and structures (e.g. of territorial organization). Characteristics of the Modern State Monopoly of legitimate violence (Max Weber): suppression of unauthorized private violence. Permission of public violence for law enforcement and war. The state reserves for itself the use of public violence in order to protect the public. Breaks with traditional ideas of morality, i.e. “Thou shalt not kill.” Territoriality is the exclusive “property” and identity of the state. Fundamental aspect of the identity in the state. Sovereignty is the ultimate authority, exclusive jurisdiction, internal self-determination the interest of one person ruling the state, and external independence no state has control over another th state. The state is referred to as the sovereign state. People required in the state since the late 18 roughly to the French Revolution, the nation has moved from a nation towards a “nation – state.” The modern state cannot exist with law. Shown through legislation, execution, and adjudication of law. The modern state involves centralized organizations; hierarchy of territorial or functional subdivisions. State capacities (congealing 1.-6.and often developed through war): Coercion/destruction, extraction/taxation, steering/management, and legitimization equal’s expressions of the power of the state Development and Forms of the Modern State 1. State of estates (late Middle Ages) • towns and estate bodies co-governing with ruler 2. Absolutist (and mercantilist) state (16 -18 cent.)th • from personalized to abstract • result of economic and political competition
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