Class Notes (835,600)
Canada (509,275)
PSCI 2101 (46)
Lecture

PSCI 2102 March 7, 2013.dot
Premium

4 Pages
44 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Political Science
Course
PSCI 2101
Professor
Andrea Chandler
Semester
Winter

Description
March 7, 2013 Last week: • Mexico: Spanish colonialism and authoritarianism and racism • No history of self government • Unstable government post independence (Anti Americanism) • Porfiriato - Modernization under decency and inequality • The Mexican Revolution and liberty - no recession • Cardenas reforms - land return, nationalization of oil • PRI - Corporatism and clientelism • ISI - 1940-1970 • Oil boom of 1970's • Debt Crisis • NAFTA Neoliberalism and end of PRI dominicana Brazil "Brazil is the country of the Future and always will be" • Only Portuguese colony in the Americans • World's greatest river, the Amazon • Tropical does not usually allow for ancient civilizations • Covers 2/3 of South America • Geography ranges from rainforest of the Amazon to the high plateau of the grasslands • Was sugar colony that almost completely depended on slave labour from Africa • Brazil was one of last slave holding countries in the world Colonial Regime • Portuguese rule lasts until 1822 • Economy based on sugar plantations of the Northeast (Bahia, San Salvador) • 1822-1888 Brazil was an Empire under the descendants of Portuguese Royal Family • Last country in the Americas to abolish slavery (1888) • 1850 some 25-30% of the population were slaves • The effects of such a huge slave population and the long period of slavery are felt even today because of the history of inequality • Long lasting effects on Brazilian society Coffee Republic (1889-1930) • Liberal republic proclaimed 1889 • Small minority of population (50,000) enfranchised • Dominated by "colonels" (coroneni) who ruled by patron-client networks • Coffee, mining and cattle ranching generated foreign investment and urbanization in the coastal areas of the southeast • The legacy of slavery lingered on in the northeast, with its widespread poverty, illiteracy and highly unequal land tenure • Brazil becomes a republic but actually the number of people (franchise) was restricted to literate and educated people • Given that so much of the country was slaves and indigenous (neither had the vote) • The franchise was at most, 50,000 people who were allowed to vote • Colonels essentially dominated the republic who were local notables, who were able through patron client relationships to gain the vote and get themselves elected • Some certain degree of modernization and investment at that time with the "coffee" republic • Industry of cattle, ranchers -> brazil was known as "coffee with milk" • Highly unequal both economically and politically Café con leite -Legacy of Slavery • 70% of the population of the Northeast is on-white • The Northeast has 29% of the population but produces only 14% of the GDP • 35% of North easterners are illiterate; only 15% attend primary school • As late as 1930, only 5.7% of the population was eligible to vote • Beginning of import subsidization, origins come from Mexico and Brazil from the impact of the great depression and WWII, World trade collapses, there is no market for exports • There is no one to buy the coffee Vargas and Estado Novo • Great Depression lead to collapse of coffee export economy • Coup under Getullio Vargas ushered in net populism • Vargas establishes new regime of corporatism (new role for organized labour) (Corporatism was actually created by Italian fascists) • ISI economic policy and industrialization known as Estado Novo (New State) Demise of populism • Populist economic policies promote inflation, forex cries • 1964 Military coup, rolls back populist gains • Demobilizes labour, control parliamentary politics • Promotes economic development • A lot patron client relations dominating • Populism runs into trouble in 1950s, part of it has to do with the built in constraints of import substitution and industrialization • Still requires to have some imports • May have to import machines, have to export something • Coffee exports are okay • Mining exports, etc. as long as prices are high enough, can continue • Prices for commodities are not stable • Run out of foreign exchange • Remember the bargain that both owners and workers can be happy as long as the econ
More Less

Related notes for PSCI 2101

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit