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PSCI 2101 (46)
Lecture

PSCI 2101 Ch 6, 2012.docx

4 Pages
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Department
Political Science
Course Code
PSCI 2101
Professor
Andrea Chandler

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­ Because citizens weren’t consulted enough up to the point of constitution, people used the  referendum as a way to complain ­ Lisbon treaty (similar to constitution, it was called a treaty it wasn’t difficult to get it passed) Ireland asked in referendum and people voted against it Continuous problem to gain consensus (hard to change with times) The more functions it expands, the more bureaucratic it becomes 2008 Recessions ­ Consumer borrows ­ Difficult to hold onto property, property value dropped ­ Chronic problems in Greece for collecting revenue, tax evasions (when recession hit, it was  more extensified) ­ Vulnerable to economic shock (EU makes it linked) ­ Difficult for Greece to get out of (getting taxes, dependency of greek govt on its debt) ­ Harder for them to sustain this debt (banks don’t want to tolerate new debt) ­ Greece under severe pressure to repay debt, difficulty to pay and worse situations for banks  elsewhere in Europe (then spread to EU) Political consequences ­ Is EU viable (maintaining a common currency) ­ Sharp protests against cuts against govt spending (occupy) ­ Contributed to weakness of govt ­ Whether it will contribute revival of socialist party ­ Common to see 3 years ago such as britains labour party and social democrat party lost their  support Whether it leads to a move in left or more extremist parties Lecture slides to see direction ­ Discussion to think critically about readings and compare them Main themes ­ Basic concepts and mastering them (those terms became basis for sophisticated stuffs,  theoretical stuff) Democracy ­ System where people choose govt (competitive elections) ­ Reading by Shmitter (why we use this defn and the prereqs of democracy) ­ How are democracies formed (relationship between democracy and development) ingleheart  and Wetzel (more econ develop, face more pressures for democracy The more specialized the econ and the more education, more for need for creativity and innovation  for econ to go forward and you NEED freedom (ppl demand from govt) thus why most affluent  countries are democracies  Don't need to be highly developed (proof: Amarti senz week 11 India’s case who’s an established  democracy even though it didn’t meet conventional measures ­ China has strong pressures to be democratic ­ Tianment square 1989, thes pressures are likely to continue to build ­ Econ Likely to increasingly clash with lack of democracy Week 11 article: in some respects china has a succesfful welfare state, their weaknesses= dealing  with enviro damage Because they don't reqire themselves to respond to social pressure, they can be less helpful to  environment ­ Often argued that as the east European to reform the first kind of movements were  environmental movements (enviro movement to encourage people to reform as it was their one  weakness) How are they formed? ­ Ishiyama chap 4 there is no single path to democracy (GB parliamentary of gradual VS French  after French revolution with in
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