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Class 9 – PSCI2300B – March 10, 2014 – Marx 1.docx

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Carleton University
Political Science
PSCI 2301
Peter Fitzgerald

Class 9PSCI2300BMarch 10 2014Marx 1Marx was a student of Hegel who heavily influenced MarxismHegelian philosophy based on communities Marx has to flee Germany because of repression and went to England and witnessed height of industrial revolutionMarx is interested in history and development of human being as universal subject but hes moving from philosophy realization of mans spiritual nature into a more practical political project where he is unapologetically atheist Written in 1844 French revolution had failed conservative reaction throughout Europe rights of man had been frustratedoMarx blamed frustration of the Enlightenment project was because of the emphasis on intellectual development and not social changeMarx Historical Materialism1Critique of Philosophy man is a materialnatural beingReligion is the opiate of the masses previous philosophies that abstract human freedom are projects of wish fulfilment Point of human freedom not to realize it in afterlife but here and nowMarx says human beings are embedded and need to get rid of this platonic ideal realmreligionmust realize freedom in our human existence For Hegel history is the subject of his philosophy All men have a spark of divine and divine comes to know itself through progress of human activity Humanized world result of conscious thought and human actionoEnd of history is when man has realized his freedom in a democratic stateMarx questions Hegels theory of freedom because so much of the world was subject to unfree relations in the workplace dictatorship of the colonial empire how can history possibly overoProgress of history has a final stage transition of capitalism to socialismKantian liberalism is a beautiful dreambut not a reality Marx saw himself as the next stage in human existence wanted to make Kantian dream of universal rightsdignity a reality not just wish for it and hope society would evolve
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