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PSCI 3000 January 8.docx
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Department
Political Science
Course
PSCI 3000
Professor
Rand Dyck
Semester
Winter

Description
PSCI 3000 January 8, 2014 Prince Edward Island  Small size means that land use and ownership are always major political issues  PEI industry  Primary ♦ Agriculture (potatoes, most famously) ♦ Fisheries (lobster and shellfish)  Secondary ♦ Electricity o Few natural resources available to fuel power plants o Electricity mostly imported via underground cable from New Brunswick o Some wind farms also supply power to the province ♦ Potato/seafood products (fries, etc.) ♦ Aerospace industry and turbines  Tertiary ♦ Tourism o Based around Anne of Green Gables and sandy beaches o Charlottetown is also a destination for Canadian history tourists o On per capita basis, PEI depends more on tourism than any other province  Very little class conflict due to lack of extremely wealthy individuals  PEI tends to be poor compared with other provinces, thus EI policy is a major issue  Main “rich name” is the Murphy family  Past decades have also seen entry of families such as the Irving and McCain families  Religion/ethnicity  British settler population mostly involved Scottish and Irish Catholics  Language issues (French­language schooling, etc.) is an issue among the Acadian minority  Very few Aboriginals in PEI, not usually a big political topic  Some immigrants in recent years, including the Ghiz family (includes two premiers!)  Agreements in recent years have seen a new emphasis on attracting investor immigrants  Historically, Catholic and Protestant populations were roughly equal ♦ Despite this, PEI has only ever had a single public school system ♦ However, some local religious input was accepted in strongly Catholic districts  Politics  Culture ♦ Distinctly bipolar landscape between progressives and conservatives o Major defining debate was argument over whether to keep the ferry or construct a new  fixed link to the Island o Referendum resulted in the construction of the Confederation Bridge ♦ Relatively high voter turnout, typically above 80%  Parties ♦ Has always been a dichotomy between Progressive Conservatives and Liberals ♦ NDP has never played a major role in the province ♦ 27 seats in the provincial legislature o Liberals hold 23 o PCs 3 o One independent (ousted PC leader)
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