PSCI 1100 Lecture Notes - International Whaling Commission, United Nations Environment Programme, Brundtland Commission

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Published on 14 Apr 2013
School
Carleton University
Department
Political Science
Course
PSCI 1100
POLITICS AND THE ENVIRONMENT
INTRO:
Rise of environmental consciousness since 1960s
Ecocentric vs. anthropocentric approaches to env.
Globalization: increasingly transnational and global environmental problems
Inherent connection btw. env. issues and other issues in world politics (e.g.
distribution of wealth/poverty, energy/industry, security)
ALSO, CONNECTIONS OF ENVIRONMENTAL ISSUES WITH ...
Ideologies (liberalism, socialism, conservatism). Socialism advocates
exploiting nature. Conservatives don’t say much about the issue- it’s been states
that they should care more about the issue; but to little avail (Canada and
other countries)
States, international organizations & civil society. Questions capacity of
change. Enviro stewardship. A great # of less known enviro orgs are involved in
enviro politics
ENVIRONMENTAL PROBLEMS RAISE QUESTIONS ABOUT:
state sovereignty and state capacity. Island states are most vulnerable to
enviro change. Most leaders have lost sovereignty already
distinction btw. international and domestic issues. Some issues are local- but
for many there’s no distinction between international and domestic issues
role of science (and experts) in politics. If we really want to do something
about enviro issues, we may have to overrule democracy. (enviro dictatorship)
(global) justice and inequality. Rich people in rich country cause more enviro
damage, yet poor people in poor countries suffer from the damage more
ENVIRONMENTAL POLITICS
= post(inter)national politics?
CONCEPTUAL FOUNDATIONS OF ENVIRO PROBS:
(1) The “tragedy of the commons” (G. Hardin, 1968): Overuse of common
resources due to self-interest (conflict btw. individual and collective
rationality)
Malthusian theory- will there be enough food to feed the entire population?
Suggested population control
Privatization of resources- allowing indivs to take their own shares
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Document Summary

Intro: rise of environmental consciousness since 1960s, ecocentric vs. anthropocentric approaches to env, globalization: increasingly transnational and global environmental problems. Inherent connection btw. env. issues and other issues in world politics (e. g. distribution of wealth/poverty, energy/industry, security) Conservatives don"t say much about the issue- it"s been states that they should care more about the issue; but to little avail (canada and other countries: states, international organizations & civil society. A great # of less known enviro orgs are involved in enviro politics. Environmental problems raise questions about: state sovereignty and state capacity. Island states are most vulnerable to enviro change. Most leaders have lost sovereignty already: distinction btw. international and domestic issues. Some issues are local- but for many there"s no distinction between international and domestic issues role of science (and experts) in politics. If we really want to do something about enviro issues, we may have to overrule democracy. (enviro dictatorship) (global) justice and inequality.

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