PSYC 1001 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Posttraumatic Stress Disorder, Reality Therapy, Observational Learning

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Relatively durable or permanent change in: behaviour, knowledge, capability, attitude acquired thru experience & not due to maturation, illness, injury, (infants don"t learn to walk) Also salivated to footsteps of assistants or rattling food dishes. Stimulus: any event or object in environment. Unconditioned stimulus (meat) unconditioned response (salivate) Neutral stimulus and unconditioned stimulus become linked. Neutral stimulus becomes a conditioned stimulus: leads to the conditioned response. Bell becomes linked to meat which leads to conditioned response to salivate. Classical conditioning explains how a neutral stimulus can acquire the capacity to elicit (or draw forth) a response originally elicited by another stimulus. Ivan pavlov, a prominent russian physiologist in the early 1900"s, who did nobel prize winning research on digestion, discovered (partly by accident) that dogs will salivate in response to the sound of a tone. In doing so, he discovered classical, sometimes called.

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