PSYC 1001 Lecture Notes - Semantic Memory, Change Blindness, Procedural Memory

34 views2 pages
Published on 10 Sep 2012
School
Carleton University
Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 1001
Page | 1
Chapter 7 Memory
General
Memory not just stored in your mind, it is you.
How does information get into memory?
Encode information, store information, retrieve information
Encoding: Attention, elaboration…
Storing: Sensory, short-term, long-term memory…
Attention
Attention determines what gets into memory. (involuntary)
o Example: Black Green Orange
o Reason we mix up because we are expert readers.
Change blindness: fail to recognize big changes in a stimulus we noticed before.
o Example: sign consent form, researcher bens down, another researcher pops out.
Attention is limited. Must pay full attention. Avoid distractions. Use visual cues.
Elaboration
How you attend also matters in creating lasting memory codes.
Thinking of an example.
Semantic encoding … read more on slides
Sensory Memory
Store sensory information briefly. (remainder in your senses)
Short-Term Memory
Organization is key thing in memory. (chunking)
o Example: B-A-S-F-U-M-A-C-U-P-H-D
o Organize to chunks BA-SFU-MA-CU-PHD
Should have meaningful chunks.
Rehearsing is helpful to remember as well.
Long-Term Memory
Keep repeating, rehearsal, etc..
Unlock document

This preview shows half of the first page of the document.
Unlock all 2 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Document Summary

Memory not just stored in your mind, it is you. Attention determines what gets into memory. (involuntary: example: black green orange, reason we mix up because we are expert readers. Change blindness: fail to recognize big changes in a stimulus we noticed before: example: sign consent form, researcher bens down, another researcher pops out. How you attend also matters in creating lasting memory codes. Semantic encoding read more on slides. Store sensory information briefly. (remainder in your senses) Organization is key thing in memory. (chunking: example: b-a-s-f-u-m-a-c-u-p-h-d, organize to chunks ba-sfu-ma-cu-phd. Rehearsing is helpful to remember as well. Go back to last night. (implicit memory) Compare what you ate: episodic memory. Memory related to past experience: semantic memory. Memory related to knowledge. (facts: ottawa is capital city of ontario, 7 days in a week, etc . Cope of endless objects as we go through life. Problems: can"t remember an animal, given a picture. Implicit memory: helps perform tasks, procedural memory.

Get OneClass Grade+

Unlimited access to all notes and study guides.

YearlyMost Popular
75% OFF
$9.98/m
Monthly
$39.98/m
Single doc
$39.98

or

You will be charged $119.76 upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.