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Human Development.docx

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Carleton University
PSYC 1002
Matthew Sorley

Human Development Developmental Psychology o Used to be referred to as child psychology Cognitive Development o Children do not think the same as adults o Cognition refers to the inner processes that lead to knowing o We are interacting with stuff and that either holds us back or moves us forward o Jean Piaget – “constructivist” approach. Jean Piaget o Schemas – mental framework we use that contains all the expectations that we have. They change as we age. o Assimilation (using an existing schema to interpret the world) andAccommodation o Sensorimotor Period – 0-2 yr, learn by sensory and motor experiences; hearing, touching, smelling. Lack object permanence. o Pre-operational – 2-7 yrs, learn hundreds of thousands of words. Symbolic thoughts. Make believe. Learning to express ourselves. Lack of Conservation. Concrete Operational 7-11 o Mental operations o Understanding of identity o Less egocentricity Formal Operational 11+ o More adult like thinking o Think logically about the abstract and thee world of ideas Cognitive Development o Not necessarily develop in stages o Zone of Proximal Development: The gap between what you can accomplish on your own and what you can accomplish with a little bit of help. Moral Development o Development of our sense of right and wrong o Kohlberg: Dedicated his life to see what would make normal people do impossibly bad things to other normal people. Three developmental levels  Pre-conventional Level: early childhood, all about self-interest.All about reinforcement and punishment.  Conventional: late childhood, peer network gets more important. Interacting with other adults such as teachers. Still concerned about parents rules, but you’re very concerned with societies rules.  Post-conventional: late adolescence, all about principles of justice.All about your code of ethics. May try to change the rules of society when they end up in conflict of the rule
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