Class Notes (836,127)
Canada (509,645)
Psychology (2,710)
PSYC 1002 (269)
Lecture

Chapter 11: Human Development (3)

4 Pages
77 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 1002
Professor
Lorena Ruci
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture 9: Human Behaviour Criticisms of Piaget  No clear cut distinctions (for all stage theories)  Hasn’t been updated, never translated to English, never doubted or challenged, didn’t propose any alterations to his theory  Neglects the effect of culture on cognitive development o Children in different cultures tend to reach milestones at different time (individualistic vs. collective cultures) After Piaget: Pascual-Leone  Implicated information processing concepts  The way a child masters certain tasks with levels of complexity depends on their maturity level  The reason they can grasp complex tasks later in life, and not earlier, depends on the concept of M-Capacity  M-Capacity is the number of mental concepts held in the short-term memory at once o The norm is 7  The higher the CPU of a computer, the faster the computer; the higher the M- Capacity, the more capable people are of completing complex tasks (require maturity) Vygotsky’s Sociocultural Theory  Didn’t receive recognition until the 70s  It was published in Russian, and not translated to English until later on; detriment  The way that children acquire knowledge and develop cognitively is due to an interaction of factors:  Social interactions o The more they interact and explore, the faster they will acquire cognitive milestones  Culture o Interaction of culture and language are not easily separated o Encouraged to be more free and independent, given opportunity to learn by themselves o In other cultures, guiding and controlling a child o Caregiver needed to care for child vs. extended family  Language development o Critical 6 month period: if this is missed (isolation/abuse/deprivation), then children will have difficulty learning language later on in life o Acquisition of language: if a child has been deprived, they will have difficulty acquiring the ability to learn more than one language o Brain is receptive to mastering sounds and structures of a language o Brain plasticity/sensitivity to receiving output  Zone of Proximal Development o When children learn new skills, they don’t master the spectrum of the different interaction that ability can involve; learn to do something in a simple way o If they’re taught, they can do the skill in different concepts o The zone is the space that describes what the child can already do o Learn to tie shoes > tie a bow in hair  Scaffolding o The best way to teach something is to break down the instruction into small steps o When children are more receptive to learning things, it depends on what they already know; then you can modify the learning based on what ability you want them to acquire Critical Periods in Development*  The story of Danielle Crockett  Http://www.tampabay.com/specials/2008/reports/danielle/  Can only assume that an extended period of neglect/isolation, means the person will not be able to take care of themselves  Still can’t speak, very little communication skills The Development of Moral Reasoning: Kohlberg  Reasoning as opposed to behaviour  Moral dilemmas  Measure nature and progression of moral reasoning  Moral reasoning: attitude towards people/things, make decisions between right and wrong  Had children of several ages, read them a story, and based on their decision and justification, he would categorize them under a level of moral development  Three levels, with 2 sublevels each Pre-conventional 1. OBEDIENCE: We shouldn’t do things we’re punished for
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 1002

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit