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Chapter 9: Intelligence (1) & Chapter 10: Motivation (4)

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PSYC 1002
Lorena Ruci

Chapter 10- Achievement Motivation, and Emotional Chapter 9- Intelligence Achievement Motivation  Achievement motive=Need to excel o Harder worker o Delay Gratification o Pursue competition  Situation al Influences in achievement motives o Strength of motivation, probability of success and incentive value of success  Fear of failure o Motivation to avoid it. The opposite way to conceptualize motivation  Thematic Apperception (TAT) o Projective test  You are shown a picture (ambiguous picture)  People with high achievement will project that and same with people with low achievement  It would be bases on the attributes /traits the therapist would be able to measure achivement motivation  TAT Achievement o No clear guidelines o How would you translate this to consistent?-A number people would code/translate/evaluation the responses o TAT test is match with objective data-A lot of subjective Element of Emotional Experience  Cognitive Component- Emotions have several components o Most subjective conscious experience  Experience, intensity of emotion (only way to measure is by asking the person) o Positive Psychology  A recent movement –try to break away from the view of fixing things (psychology, behaviour) that went wrong way (negative)- tries to explore to positive experience/ what work?  Physiological Component (by what we experience) o Bodily (autonomic) arousal-reaction of facial expression o Affective neuroscience  Limbic system=control center of emotions  Behavioural Component *-5 or 6 basic emotions associated with outward expression o Expression of emotions  Body language  Facial expression o Facial feedback hypothesis  Muscles sends signal to the brain recognize emotions  Biological underpinnings -Fake a smile; it’s likely you might experience it. Duchenne Smile-people can’t really fake it as well-cause people can recognize it  Zygomatic major muscle (facial)  Orbicularis oculi muscle (eyes) o Based on evolution we had to be able to recognize friend vs. foe Theories of Emotions 1. James-Lange theory  Feel afraid because pulse is racing oYou experiences physiology and you recognize it and experience emotion
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