Class Notes (834,800)
Canada (508,727)
Psychology (2,710)
PSYC 1002 (269)
Lecture

Chapter 15: Treatment of Psychological Disorders (1)

4 Pages
441 Views
Unlock Document

Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 1002
Professor
Lorena Ruci
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture 17: Chapter 15: Treatment of Psychological Disorders Types of Treatment: Psychotherapy  400 types; each major type is tailored to a specific disorder it’s intended to treat  Insight therapies, e.g. talk therapy (verbal interaction between client and therapist) o Goal: increased insight of issues, and elucidate the interpretation, e.g. marital therapy  Behaviour therapies o Changing overt behaviour o Based on principles of learning (conditioning), role playing, or observation o E.g. phobias, substance abuse  Biomedical therapies o Biological functioning interventions o E.g. drug therapy, electroconvulsive therapy Who Seeks Treatment?  15% of US population in a given year  Most common presenting problems are anxiety and mood disorders, specifically depression  Long delays until treatment is sought o 6-10 years from illness onset  Half of those who seek mental health services don’t have a diagnosable problem o Symptoms aren’t severe enough in order to give a clinical diagnosis o Not everyone who seeks treatment has mental problems; could be seeking help for relationship problems, etc.  People delay in seeking treatment for mental disorders because of the stigma: ignorance about mental disorders  Prevalence of mental disorders in Canada o 1 in 5 Canadians will experience a mental illness (severe like bipolar, one instance like a panic attack) in their lifetime o The other 4 know someone who will be diagnosed with a mental disorder o Those diagnosed will also have a substance abuse problem (20% Comorbid with mental disorders) o Schizophrenia affects 1% of the population, major depression affects 8% of the population, and anxiety disorders affect 12% of the population o Most problems occur in early childhood; early onset o Ages 15-24 are more likely to report mental illness/substance disorders o Men are 2.6 times more likely than women to meet criteria for substance dependence, and women are 1.5 times more likely to meet criteria for an anxiety/mood disorder o Only 1/3 of those who need mental health services in Canada receive them o 71% of family physicians, shortage of psychiatrists in Ontario o Metal illness is the second leading cause of premature death and human disability o Half a million Canadians are unable to perform/attend work because of a mental illness o In Ontario, the cost of mental illness is 34 billion per year o By 2020, depression will be the single biggest medical burden on the world economy Who Provides Treatment?  Clinical psychologists o Full fledged disorders o Can treat the majority of mental disorders, (bipolar, MD, schizophrenia, etc.) o Can prescribe medication (license) o Difference between this and psychiatrist: psychiatrist is a medical doctor, and uses medical model to treat, whereas clinical psychologists rely heavily on psychological testing and treatment  Counselling psychologists o Milder adjustment disorders  Psychiatrists o Medical doctors, prescribe medication o Prescribe medication, must attend medical school  Clinical social workers o Provide variety of therapeutic services o Can help with coping, adjustment issues, stress-related disorders, etc.  Psychiatric nurses o Work in in-patient facilities o Duties include assisting clinical psychologists/psychiatrists  Counsellors o Work in colleges, specialize in providing services for problems in specific areas, like marital counselling, stress and coping, location counselling, etc. o All don’t need PhDs, can have bachelors or masters Insight Therapies: Psychoanalysis  Sigmund Freud and followers  Goal: discover unresolved unconscious conflicts  Person not aware that conflicts exist because they’re in his/her unconscious; stress- related problems because of c
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 1002

Log In


OR

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


OR

By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.


Submit