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Treatment of Psychological Disorders.docx

3 Pages

Course Code
PSYC 1002
Caleb Lloyd

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Freud’s Psycho Analysis  Modernized & secularized the ‘talking cure’  Core goal: to make unconscious & repressed desires conscious  Techniques – free association, dream analysis, transference Rogers’ Client-Centered Therapy  Core goal: to creat and accepting environment to foster self-acceptance  Non-directive – allows client to find answers  Characterized by unconditional positive regard – seeks understanding via empathy – demonstrate warmth via words & non-verbal – Non-judgemental in every action & expression Wave 1 – Behavior therapy  Based on Pavlovian principles  Core Goal – Disrupt old & create new behavioral conditioning  Characterised by unconditioned stimulus and an unconditioned response and a conditioned stimulus – 3 step process  Exposure therapy/flooding (you’re afraid of snakes’s a pit of them!)  systematic desensitization (realization techniques, anxiety hierarchy),  Aversion therapy (pencack, throwing up with shit) Wave 2  Core goal – Enhance behavior therapy by paying attention to and challenging thought patterns  Often involves 1) Identifying thought/behavior/emotion patterns 2) Challenging & replacing negative thoughts 3) Modelling new ways of thinking Third Wave CBT Therapies  Acceptance & Commitment Therapy  Mindfulness  Emotion Focused Therapy  Forgiveness Therapy CBT Therapies  Benefits – Brief, thus less expensive – Based on science of behaviourism & cognition – Involves easily measured concepts  Disadvantages – Focusing solely on behaviours & cognitions may lead to superficial analysis of whole person (can we boil ourselves down to our behaviors and thoughts?)  Assumes an objective, rational reality exists Does talking cure us? Does therapy work?  A number of issues to consider   How does one best define success?   What is an appropriate placebo?   Should all complaints/disorders be lumped together? (does this work for all disorders of all kinds?)   Should all approaches be considered the same? Smith and Glass (1977)  One of the first uses of meta-analysis ( lumping a bunch of stuff together and figuring it out)  375 studies  833 comparisons 
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