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Lecture 1

PSYC 2301 Lecture 1: What is Health Psychology

3 Pages

Course Code
PSYC 2301
Tarry Ahuja

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PSYC 2301 – Chapter 1: What is Health Psychology *All content belongs to Tarry Ahuja & where cited in lecture slides* Health Psychology: - Understanding psychological influences on: o How ppl stay health, why ppl get ill, how they respond to illness - World Health Organization (WHO) defines health as: o “Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity.” (1948-present) - WHO has 4 main functions: o To give worldwide guidance in field of health o To set global standards for health o To cooperate w/ gov’ts in strengthening national health programs o To develop & transfer approp. health technology, info, & standards - Health psychologist focuses on: o Health promotion & maintenance o Prevention & treatment of illness o Etiology & correlates of health, illness, & dysfunction o Improving health care system, & policy Mindy-Body Relationship: - Early Times: o Over time, our views around mind & body in terms of health has changed o Early cultures believes: mind & body = unit ▪ Disease arose when evil spirits entered ▪ Employed trephination (where hole’s drilled/incised into skull using surgical tools) - The Greeks: o Introduced humoral theory of illness ▪ 4 essential fluids: blood (air), black bile (earth), yellow bile (fire), phlegm (water) • Blood, phlegm = wet • Phlegm, black bile = cold • Yellow bile, black bile = dry • Blood, yellow bile = hot ▪ Disease arose when there was imbalance ▪ Personality types were associated w/ dominant humoral variables ▪ Aligns w/ mind-body unitary hypothesis o 4 main temperaments: phlegmatic, choleric, sanguine, melancholic o Constant flux b/w temperaments o Today temperament = psychological disposition - Middle Ages: o Period of supernatural & mysticism beliefs o Disease was attributed to evil forces ▪ Disease arose when evil spirits entered ▪ Ritualistic torture was employed o Religion infiltrated medical knowledge o Functions of physician were absorbed by priest o Level of health was associated w/ degree of faith - Renaissance: o Improvements in biotechnology ▪ Microscopy (Leeuwenheok), Autopsy (Morgagni) o Led to rejection of humoral theory o Supported by cellular pathology o Initiated mind-body duali
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