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PSYC 2301 (154)
Lecture

Jan 12.doc

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 2301
Professor
Elizabeth Nisbet
Semester
Winter

Description
January 12, 2012 Health Psychology Class 3 Influential Factors • Social, SES Cultural • • Physical environment • Personality • Values • Personal Control Cognitive factors • • Perceived symptoms • Access to health care Socioeconomic Status • Low SES – more likely: - more likely to smoke - have an unhealthy diet - be physically inactive Age •Health habits – good in childhood – deteriorate in adolescents and young adulthood – improve again as people get older Gender • Young men (19-26 years) exercise more than young women (Clarke et al., 2009). • School aged girls diet and skip means, but also eat more nutritious foods than boys • Boys engage in more sports activities than girls Place • A higher proportion of rural residents compared to urban residents smoke . • A smaller proportion of rural residents compared to urban residents eat the recommended number of servings of fruits and vegetables. • Canadian Institute for Health Information (2006) Barriers • Poor health behaviours become habits • Good health behavior are unstable Changing Health Habits • Educational appeals • Fear appeals January 12, 2012 Health Psychology Class 3 Health Belief Model (HBM) •Is there a health threat? – personal vulnerability beliefs – beliefs about consequences of disorder Health Belief Model (HBM) • If I engage in this behavior, will the health threat be reduced or eliminated? – Will engaging in this behavior be effective? – What is the cost of engaging in this behavior? Is there more to it? • Self– a person has to believe they are capable of engaging in the health behavior The Theory of Planned Behavior (TPB) • Intention is the most proximal determinant of behavior •Attitude, subjective norms, PBC influence intention Attitude Subjective Norms Intention Behaviou r Perceived Behavioural Control (PBC) January 12, 2012 Health Psychology Class 3 Relapse • Why? – Conditioned associations – Depressed/anxious – Stressful events – abstinence violation Stages of Change Model 1. Pre-contemplation 2. Contemplation 3. Preparation 4. Action 5. Maintenance Stages of Change Model January 12, 2012 Health Psychology Class 3 Scenario 1 •Frank used to smoke a pack of cigarettes per day. When his wife became pregnant with their first child, he decided he needed to quit smoking. He didn’t want his children to pick up the habit and he wanted to ensure he himself was healthy so that he could seem his children grow up. His daughter is a year old now and Frank has not had a single cigarette since the day she was born. •Wha
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