PSYC 2301 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Melanoma, Colorectal Cancer, Prostate Cancer

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Published on 22 Apr 2013
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January 17, 2012 Health Enhancing Behaviors: Health Psychology
Health Enhancing Behaviours
-delay onset of disease and such
Exercise
Diet
Disease screening
Sleep
• And others.....
Exercise
Aerobic exercise (activity that is intense and for a long duration)
-delay onset of disease
– sustained exercise
– strengthens heart and lungs
Some benefits
Some more benefits
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January 17, 2012 Health Enhancing Behaviors: Health Psychology
Exercise and well-being
Direct effects (we will feel happy if we exercise regularly)
Social Support (exercise with a friend, that person will motivate you)
Involvement
Self-efficacy (makes you feel strong, feel better about yourself)
Self-esteem (feel better about oneself)
How much exercise?
-150 min/week, mod-vig
-5 days, 30 min
-10 min, minimum
Barriers
What are some barriers to exercising?
-school, work, etc
How can barriers be removed?
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January 17, 2012 Health Enhancing Behaviors: Health Psychology
– What resources are necessary for exercise?
Who exercises?
-exercising regularly needs to be common
Inactivity is more common in:
– women than men
– older than younger adults
– lower compared to higher incomes
– lower compared to higher education
– Aboriginal versus non-Aboriginal Canadians
Who exercises?
People who
– are from families who exercise
– view themselves as athletic
– enjoy physical activities
– have a positive attitude
– have a sense of self-efficacy
– have social support
Cancer-Related Health Behaviours
Screening is available for some cancers:
– Breast cancer
– Prostate cancer
– Colorectal cancer
-if you never went to get screened, that means that potentially by the time you get symptoms, it is too
late to intervene
-thyroid cancer is the fattest growing system in the body
• What are the factors that are associated with getting screened or avoiding screening?
-get diagnosed with cancer when it is too late
-scared to get screened, rather not know
-why bother going in if you feel like yourself
Sun Safety Practices
Canada
– 69 000 new cases of skin cancer each year
– rates increasing since 1992
– malignant melanoma takes almost 900 lives each year
Sun Safety Practices
What are some techniques that you could use to encourage sun safety practices?
-encourage people
Why do you think these techniques would be effective?
What did you eat today?
• Take a moment to think about what you ate today....
– breakfast?
– lunch?
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Document Summary

Delay onset of disease and such: exercise, diet, disease screening, sleep, and others Exercise: aerobic exercise (activity that is intense and for a long duration) Exercising regularly needs to be common: inactivity is more common in: If you never went to get screened, that means that potentially by the time you get symptoms, it is too late to intervene. Get diagnosed with cancer when it is too late. Why bother going in if you feel like yourself. 69 000 new cases of skin cancer each year. Malignant melanoma takes almost 900 lives each year. What did you eat today: take a moment to think about what you ate today Healthy diet: recommended minimum of 5 servings of fruits and vegetables. * recommendations can be restrictive, monotonous, expensive, hard to find. Interventions: individual interventions, family interventions, community interventions. Obesity: excessive accumulation of body fat, global epidemic:

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