January 17, 2012 Health Enhancing Behaviors: Health Psychology
Health Enhancing Behaviours
-delay onset of disease and such
• Disease screening
• And others.....
• Aerobic exercise (activity that is intense and for a long duration)
-delay onset of disease
– sustained exercise
– strengthens heart and lungs
Some more benefits January 17, 2012 Health Enhancing Behaviors: Health Psychology
Exercise and well-being
• Direct effects (we will feel happy if we exercise regularly)
• Social Support (exercise with a friend, that person will motivate you)
• Self-efficacy (makes you feel strong, feel better about yourself)
• Self-esteem (feel better about oneself)
How much exercise?
-150 min/week, mod-vig
-5 days, 30 min
-10 min, minimum
What are some barriers to exercising?
-school, work, etc
• How can barriers be removed? January 17, 2012 Health Enhancing Behaviors: Health Psychology
– What resources are necessary for exercise?
-exercising regularly needs to be common
•Inactivity is more common in:
– women than men
– older than younger adults
– lower compared to higher incomes
– lower compared to higher education
– Aboriginal versus non-Aboriginal Canadians
• People who
– are from families who exercise
– view themselves as athletic
– enjoy physical activities
– have a positive attitude
– have a sense of self-efficacy
– have social support
Cancer-Related Health Behaviours
Screening is available for some cancers:
– Breast cancer
– Prostate cancer
– Colorectal cancer
-if you never went to get screened, that means that potentially by the time you get symptoms, it is too
late to intervene
-thyroid cancer is the fattest growing system in the body
• What are the factors that are associated with getting screened or avoiding screening?
-get diagnosed with cancer when it is too late
-scared to get screened, rather not know
-why bother going in if you feel like yourself
Sun Safety Practices
– 69 000 new cases of skin cancer each year
– rates increasing since 1992
– malignant melanoma takes almost 900 lives each year
Sun Safety Practices
•What are some techniques that you could use to encourage sun safety practices?
•Why do you think these techniques would be effective?
What did you eat today?
• Take a moment to think about what you ate today....
– lunch? January 17, 2012 Health Enhancing Behaviors: Health Psychology
• Recommended minimum of 5 servings of fruits and vegetables
– 50% of Canadian adults
– 3/10 children ages 4-8
* motivated by appearance – not health
* long-term change is hard to maintain
* recommendations can be restrictive, monotonous, expensive, hard to find
* comfort foods
• Individual interventions
• Family interventions
• Community interventions
Overweight and Obesity Rates for Canadi