Class Notes (839,097)
Canada (511,185)
Psychology (2,716)
PSYC 2301 (154)

Lecture 1.docx

8 Pages

Course Code
PSYC 2301
Tarry Ahuja

This preview shows pages 1,2 and half of page 3. Sign up to view the full 8 pages of the document.
What is health psychology? Overview - Define health psychology - Change in societal views - Biopsychosocial model of health - Importance of health psychology What is health psychology? - Health psychology is understanding psychological influences on: • How people stay healthy • Why people get ill • How they respond to illness • If you see you are healthy, you are comparing to the status quo. You being healthy is a state you will continually try to achieve but realistically will never reach it. Healthy does not mean not being sick - World Health organization (WHO) defines health as: • Health is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely the absence of disease or infirmity - WHO has 4 main functions: • To give worldwide guidance in the field of health • To set global standards for health • To cooperate with governments in strengthening national health programs • To develop and transfer appropriate health technology, information and standards - Health psychologists focus on: • Health promotion and maintenance • Prevention and treatment of illness • Etiology and correlates of health, illness, and dysfunction • Improving the health care system, and policy Mind-Body relationship- early times - Over time our views around mind and body in terms of health has changed - They grasped the idea that the mind and the body is connected and one will affect the other - Early cultures believed that mind and body were a unit • Disease arose when evil spirits entered • Employed trephination (boring a hole into your skull to let the evil spirit leave) Mind-Body relationship- the Greeks - The Greeks introduced the humoral theory of illness • Four essential fluids; blood, black bile, yellow bile, and phlegm • Disease arose when there was imbalance in the fluids • Personality types were associated with dominant humoral variables • Aligns with mind-body unitary hypothesis - If you have more phlegm and black bile you will have a personality disorder - 4 main temperaments • Phlegmatic, choleric, sanguine, and melancholic - Constant flux between temperaments - Today temperament = psychological disposition Mind-Body relationship – middle ages - Period of supernatural and mysticism beliefs - Disease was attributed to evil forces • Disease arose when evil spirits entered body, therefore, ritualistic torture was employed - Religion infiltrated medical knowledge - Functions of the physician were absorbed by the priest - Level of health was associated with degree of faith Mind-Body relationship – renaissance - Improvements in biotechnology • Microscopy (Leeuwenhoek) • To physically improve what is happening in our bodies- cells, blood, bacteria, etc… • Autopsy (Morgagni) - Led to the rejection of the humoral theory - Supported by cellular pathology - Initiated the mind-body dualism movement (Descartes) - Physicians associated w
More Less
Unlock Document

Only pages 1,2 and half of page 3 are available for preview. Some parts have been intentionally blurred.

Unlock Document
You're Reading a Preview

Unlock to view full version

Unlock Document

Log In


Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.