PSYC 2301 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Adrenal Gland, Immune System, Food Industry

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25 Jul 2016
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PSYC 2301 – Predictors of Obesity
Biopsychosocial Model of Health (1970s):
-Health affected by: biological, psychological, social/cultural factors
-Biology: physiology, biochemistry, microbiology, genetics…
-Psychological: psychology
-Social/cultural: sociology, anthropology, economics, history…
Biological:
-Genetics -> risk of obesity
-Disease, pathology: thyroid, adrenal glands, etc. -> obesity
Psychological Factors:
-Low self-esteem, depression, stress -> increased risk for obesity
Social: Family Environment
-Families that promote good weight-related habits -> lower risk of obesity
-Family closeness -> lower risk of obesity
-Family dysfunction/conflict -> higher risk of obesity
oWhy? – stress
-Maternal depression, parental stress -> increased risk for obesity
-Low cognitive stimulation for very young children -> increased risk for obesity
Social: Daycare
-Low cognitive stimulation for very young children -> increased risk for obesity
Social: Peers
-Less time w/ peers -> increased risk for obesity
-Correlational
Societal: Wealth & Resource Distribution
-SES, low income families, parents w/ lower education levels -> increased risk for obesity
SES & Gender/Ethnicity:
-Low SES + female + Aboriginal -> increased risk for obesity
Societal: Wealth & Resource Distribution
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