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Lecture 3

PSYC 2400E - Lecture 3 - Jan. 15, 2013.docx

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PSYC 2400
Julie Dempsey

Tuesday, January 15, 2013 PSYC 2400 - Winter 2013 Lecture 3 Freud & Crime Crime would occur if: 1. Harsh superego a. Neurotic criminal, uncommon, constantly feeling guilty, subconsciously punish themselves 2. Weak superego a. Fails to modify the id, extremely impulsive, cannot feel guilt, lets id control them, violent psychopathic criminals b. Reckless, antisocial, thinks crime is okay, weak ambition, no life plan 3. Deviant superego a. Superego develops in abnormal way (i.e., learns to accept crime because parents are criminals), still feels guilt Personality Theory - Eysenck – biosocial theory - First testable theory on criminal behaviour - Criminal behaviour due to o Genetic factors: neurophysiological reactive o Environmental: socialization history - Conditioned conscience o How your parents develop your conscience, rewards and punishments - Personality (2 dimensions) o Extraversion  High end: Impulsive, out to seek excitement  Low end: Constantly anxious, avoids excitement, reserved o Neuroticism  High end: Moody, anxious, reactive  Low end: calm, even tempered, go with the flow - Criminals score highest in the neurotic-extravert Learning Theory - Bandura – social learning theory - Assumes that aggression is learned - Major source: observational learning - Shows that you don’t have to actually do something to learn it (ie., you see someone get punished/rewarded, you learn what to do/not do) - Three sources of learning o Family o Symbolic (TV, movies, video games) o Peers Transmission of Aggression Via Observation (Bandura et al., 1961) - 4 year old boys and girls - Randomly assigned to watch male or female adult interact with Bobo the Doll o Adults acted aggressively or not - Measure imitation Instigators - Acquired behaviours will not occur unless appropriate trigger o Aversive instigators  Someone makes you mad o Incentive instigators  You want money, so you rob a bank Consequences - Behaviour is regulated by consequences o Positive outcome  increase behaviour o Negative outcome  decrease behaviour Chapter 2 – Police Psychology Today’s Objectives - Police Selection o
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