PSYC 2400 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Martin Tankleff, Soft Sell, Debriefing

5 views5 pages
Published on 29 Jan 2013
Department
Course
Professor
Tuesday, January 22, 2013
PSYC 2400 - Winter 2013
Lecture 5
What factors are related to arrest?
- More serious offence
- Strong evidence
- Victim requests arrest
- Victim and offender are strangers (rare, usually victims and offenders know each other)
- Suspect resistant or disrespectful to officer
- Location of incident (if it’s a more public place, they are more apt to arrest the suspect)
- Ethnicity of offender
Ethnicity and Use-of-Force (Correll et al., 2007)
- Participants: Police vs. Community members
- Measured on speed and accuracy with shoot/don’t shoot decisions
- Black and White targets holding wither threatening (gun) vs. non-threatening (cell phone)
- Black targets are 5 times more likely to die at the hand of a police officer
Shooting Behaviour Results
- The community sample set a lower criterion (more “trigger happy”) vs. the police
- Racial bias seen in both samples
o More likely to shoot “unarmed Black man” vs “unarmed White man”
o Less likely to shoot “armed White man” vs. “armed Black man”
- Police are faster at making an accurate decision
- Police can tell if a target is armed faster
Police Stress
- Policing involved high levels of stress for officers and their families
- What is stressful varies by officer
o So do consequences of stress
Causes of Police Stress
Occupational
Stressors
Organizational
Stressors
Criminal Justice
Stressors
Public Stressors
Irregular work
schedule
Lack of career
development
Ineffective criminal
justice system
Distorted press
accounts
Exposure to
human suffering
Excessive
paperwork
Unfavourable court
decisions
Ineffective
referral agency
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 5 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
Consequences of Police Stress
Physical Health
Problems
Psychological/Personal
Problems
Job Performance Problems
Stomach ulcers
Depression
Low morale
Weight gain
Drug & alcohol abuse
Absenteeism
Diabetes
Suicide
Citizen complaints (if they
act more harsh to citizens)
High blood pressure
PTSD
Reduced productivity
Preventing and Managing Police Stress
- A variety of stress prevention and management strategies now exist within policing:
o Informal support networks
o Physical fitness programs
o Professional counseling
o Family assistance programs
o Critical incident stress debriefings
Critical Incident Stress Debriefing
- Created to aid emergency workers who are secondarily exposed to trauma,
o Most commonly used method of debriefing
o Group sessions very soon after incident
o Associated with decrease in negative outcomes
o Should be voluntary
Adaptive and Maladaptive Coping
- Maladaptive strategies (e.g., reliance on alcohol) associated with negative health outcomes in police
officers
- Promising strategy = teaching police officers about adaptive coping strategies
o E.g., communications skills, cognitive-based therapies
- Training police officers to use adaptive coping strategies can result in general heath improvements and
enhanced work performance (McCraty et al., 1999)
Chapter 3 Police Interrogations & False Confessions
Today’s Objectives
- Police Interrogations
o Purpose
o Reid model
o Problems with Reid model
- False Confessions
o Types of false confessions
o Why might a person falsely confess?
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 5 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get OneClass Notes+

Unlimited access to class notes and textbook notes.

YearlyBest Value
75% OFF
$8 USD/m
Monthly
$30 USD/m
You will be charged $96 USD upfront and auto renewed at the end of each cycle. You may cancel anytime under Payment Settings. For more information, see our Terms and Privacy.
Payments are encrypted using 256-bit SSL. Powered by Stripe.