PSYC 2400 Lecture Notes - Lecture 19: John Wayne Gacy, Jeffrey Dahmer, Ed Gein

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Thursday, March 21, 2013
PSYC 2400 - Winter 2013
Lecture 19
Fitness to Stand Trial and Criminal Responsibility
Comparison of NCRMD and Fitness (*IMPORTANT* - on exam, possible short answer question)
NCRMD: Common Myths
1. Large number of defendants use the defence
Less than 1% of cases use this defence in the US
2. Majority of times the plea is successful
Success rate is variable
Only 25% of the 1% of cases are successful
3. Those found NCRMD are released back in society quickly
4. Extreme dangerousness of NCRMD
Usually the re-offenses are not violent
Unsuccessful Attempts
Jeffrey Dahmer
NCRMD
Fitness to stand trial
Requires presence of mental disorder
Requires presence of mental disorder
Legal defense to criminal charges
Postpones trial process
Requires admission of crime
Does not require admission of crime
Focus on mental state at time of offence
Focus on mental state at any point during trial
process
Jurisdiction
Unfit
NCRMD
% of Cases found Unfit & NCRMD
PEI
4
8
0.1%
Quebec
399
3,378
44%
Ontario
1,151
2,059
37%
Alberta
94
306
5%
BC
216
1,036
14%
Nunavut
2
6
0.1%
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Document Summary

Comparison of ncrmd and fitness (*important* - on exam, possible short answer question) Focus on mental state at time of offence. Focus on mental state at any point during trial process. Ncrmd: common myths: large number of defendants use the defence. Less than 1% of cases use this defence in the us: majority of times the plea is successful. Only 25% of the 1% of cases are successful: those found ncrmd are released back in society quickly, extreme dangerousness of ncrmd. Jeffrey dahmer: convicted in 1992, killed 12 people, would eat parts of his victims. Tried to zombify his victims: was able to elude officers. Insanity defence failed because they were able to prove that he knew what he was doing: was killed in prison. John wayne gacy: killer clown, arrested 1978, kidnapped young boys, buried them in his basement, many victims escaped. Sometimes in prison he made up stories, claimed to not have killed anyone: david berkowitz.

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