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PSYC 2400E - Lecture 23 - April 4, 2013.docx

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PSYC 2400
Julie Dempsey

Thursday, April 4, 2013 PSYC 2400 - Winter 2013 Lecture 23 Treatment of sexual offenders • Most treatment programs focus on: – Recognizing denial, minimizations, and cognitive distortions • They think they’re doing the victim a favour – Empathy • Specific for victim – Social skills • Helps improve confidence, more assertiveness, dealing with anger, dealing with conflict – Substance abuse problems – Modifying deviant sexual interests • Aversion therapy • Covert sensitization • Use of pharmaceuticals – Relapse prevention • Identify what triggers the crimes • Find plan to reduce reoffending • Person has to be motivated to stop Effectiveness of Treatment with Sex Offenders • Lack of consensus about whether treatment is effective • Incarceration is not a deterrent • Hanson et al. (2002) showed: – Sexual recidivism rates lower for treated offenders (both adolescent and adult) – Both institutional and community treatment effective – Cognitive-behavioral treatment associated with strongest effects Homicidal Offenders Today’s Class - Homicide rates - Motives for murder - Murder types - Types of multiple murder - Classification of serial murders Characteristics of Homicide in Canada - More men killed than women - Females more likely to be killed by an intimate partner than are males - Gang-related homicides decreasing - Regional differences (Western vs. Eastern provinces) o Western provinces have more  Manitoba has the most o Eastern provinces have less  PEI is the least o Thunder bay, Saskatoon, Regina are the worst cities - Most likely to be killed by someone you know Types of Homicide - Canadian criminal law recognizes four types: o First degree murder  Planned and deliberate  Could be contracted  Hostage, terrorism, kill peace keeper  Sentence is life (25 years) o Second degree murder  All murder not classified as first degree or manslaughter  May be “spur of the moment”  Sentence life – minimum 10 years before parole o Manslaughter  Unintentional murder – criminal negligence, reckless conduct  Unplanned  Kill someone in a car accident but you were reckless driving o Infanticide  Mother kills new born or within 1 year of birth  Sentence: no minimum – maximum 5 years Bimodal Classification of Homicide - Two classifications: (IMPORTANT) o Reactive (affective)  Impulsive; unplanned; response to perceived provocation  Victims are most often relatives o Instrumental (predatory)  Proactive; premeditated; motivated by a goal  Victims are most often strangers When Parent Kill - Filicide o Killing of children by their biological parents or step-parents o More common with males - Includes: o Neonaticide – killing baby within 24 hours of birth o Infanticide – killing baby within the 1 year of life  More common with females - Child murder is very rare in Canada Case Example: Angela Kuehl - 25 years old - Suffocated newborn son with plastic bag in 2007 (Ottawa) - Tried to revive baby - Placed body in garbage can - None of her close friends knew she was pregnant Fathers Who Kill - Familicide – killing of a spouse and children - Types: o Despondent nonhostile killer  Depressed, worrie
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