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Psyc 2500: Piaget's Stage Theory, Vygotsky's Theory

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Carleton University
PSYC 2500
Monique Senechal

th Class 5­ Oct. 4  Developmental  Psychology - Exam covers chapter 1-8 - Includes lecture week before the mid-term - Essay: reference text book, lecture, and 1 or 2 other references Piaget’s Theory: - Started by studying his own children, then found his theories applied to other kids too - Results to his studies are still valid today if you keep the same methods - Naturally children will be interested in experimenting with the world, at each stage children learn to see the world more clearly - Budding Scientists analogy - Children do not have a mirror image in their mind, they construct the world within the limits of their cognitive system. A 4 year old will not represent an event the same way as a 7 or 12 year old. Sensorimotor Stage (birth to 2 years) - Circular Reactions: repeat events. Explore the world through accidental actions and keep repeating over and over again. - Different types of circular reactions: o Through reflexes baby will find pleasure and repeat motions/reflexes to promote pleasure- babies sucking thumb through accidentally brushing cheek causing sucking reaction - Secondary Circular Reactions: more voluntarily exploring objects, put almost everything to their mouth. Explorations of objects for object’s sake- what can you do with that object? o Baby drops spoon, baby drops cheerios if not given spoon etc. o Good consequence when someone comes by to pick it up - A NOT B error: o Babies will find object under first blanket, but not look under second blanket. o Piaget argues that we formed a schema for blanket A, which now represents the toy. - Mutual imitation is not true imitation, because the baby is already doing something – and the mom is replicating it so the baby already knows it - Schemas: term for mental constructs Assimilation: incorporating what you already know and applying it to new information. Reverting back to previous knowledge - That’s a dog! Sees picture of a cat, thinks its similar, so calls it a dog. One way of explaining errors in kids knowledge. Accommodation: realizing an object under a blanket is still existing. Learning that it is still there. Equilibrium: Di
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