Class 5 Oct. 4 Developmental
- Exam covers chapter 1-8
- Includes lecture week before the mid-term
- Essay: reference text book, lecture, and 1 or 2 other references
- Started by studying his own children, then found his theories applied to other kids too
- Results to his studies are still valid today if you keep the same methods
- Naturally children will be interested in experimenting with the world, at each stage
children learn to see the world more clearly
- Budding Scientists analogy
- Children do not have a mirror image in their mind, they construct the world within the
limits of their cognitive system. A 4 year old will not represent an event the same way as
a 7 or 12 year old.
Sensorimotor Stage (birth to 2 years)
- Circular Reactions: repeat events. Explore the world through accidental actions and
keep repeating over and over again.
- Different types of circular reactions:
o Through reflexes baby will find pleasure and repeat motions/reflexes to promote
pleasure- babies sucking thumb through accidentally brushing cheek causing
- Secondary Circular Reactions: more voluntarily exploring objects, put almost
everything to their mouth. Explorations of objects for object’s sake- what can you do with
o Baby drops spoon, baby drops cheerios if not given spoon etc.
o Good consequence when someone comes by to pick it up
- A NOT B error:
o Babies will find object under first blanket, but not look under second blanket. o Piaget argues that we formed a schema for blanket A, which now represents the
- Mutual imitation is not true imitation, because the baby is already doing something – and
the mom is replicating it so the baby already knows it
- Schemas: term for mental constructs
Assimilation: incorporating what you already know and applying it to new information. Reverting
back to previous knowledge - That’s a dog! Sees picture of a cat, thinks its similar, so calls it a
dog. One way of explaining errors in kids knowledge.
Accommodation: realizing an object under a blanket is still existing. Learning that it is still there.