Chapter 8 : intelligence and individual differences in cognition
Phoniness are the smallest unit of sound that we can discern
1. What is intelligence?
>looked at performance and found that individuals doing well! did well across a variety of test. He
coined the notion of a general intelligence, the G factor
> broke down the general factor to a component scale, looks at depth and breadth etc.
>said that there was no such thing as general intelligence
>fluid intelligence which is the ability to polemic solve
crystallized intelligence which is what you have learned so far.
>multiple construct in the levels of intelligence in Sternberg's theory of intelligence
>analytic ability: solving problems
>creativity: capacity to adapt to new situation in order to solve problems
>practical ability: this individuals that are street wise
2. Measuring intelligence
Binet invented the intelligence test and Therman took the test to the States and coined it the IQ test.
The test takes mental age/psychological age multiplied by 100. Assumes a normal distribution.
* the interest of the child to want to learn
kids who score higher on IQ tests is linked to what types of jobs you will get later on and you
income, but is also closely linked to education which is further linked to SES. (socioeconomic status)
Heredity and environment
there is no evidence that