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Lecture

Psyc 2500: Intelligence, Individual Differences

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 2500
Professor
Monique Senechal
Semester
Fall

Description
Chapter 8 : intelligence and individual differences in cognition ­ Phoniness are the smallest unit of sound that we can discern  1. What is intelligence? Psychometric theories: ­Spearman  >looked at performance and found that individuals doing well! did well across a variety of test. He  coined the notion of a general intelligence, the G factor ­Thurstone > broke down the general factor to a component scale, looks at depth and breadth etc. >said that there was no such thing as general intelligence ­Cattell >fluid intelligence which is the ability to polemic solve ­crystallized intelligence which is what you have learned so far. Gardner >multiple construct in the levels of intelligence in Sternberg's theory of intelligence >analytic ability: solving problems >creativity: capacity to adapt to new situation in order to solve problems >practical ability: this individuals that are street wise 2. Measuring intelligence Binet invented the intelligence test and Therman took the test to the States and coined it the IQ  test.  The test takes mental age/psychological age multiplied by 100. Assumes a normal distribution. * the interest of the child to want to learn  ­ kids who score higher on IQ tests is linked to what types of jobs you will get later on and you  income, but is also closely linked to education which is further linked to SES. (socioeconomic status) Heredity and environment  ­there is no evidence that
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