PSYC 2500 Lecture Notes - Lecture 9: Gopnik, Goldfish, 18 Months

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Evolutionary aspects that aid our cognition (white part in our eye) Self recognition; an awareness of oneself as a physical being that corresponds to our mental experience. Ex. mirror self recognition; if the child has a sense of self the child will whip at it and say oh there"s something on my face . But, children in western cultures were failing this test still at 4-5 years because the don"t really have many mirrors there, so its no a accurate test worldwide. Ex. blanket tied to cart; children stands on blanket and tries to push cart; if they can figure out they are the reason they cart isn"t moving then they have a sense of self. Toddlers and preschoolers tend to describe themselves in physical terms: age, gender, hair colour, possessions. When prompted 3 year olds can report their personalities. By late childhood and adolescence traits and social roles. Understanding that other people are separate from ourselves.

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