PSYC 2500 Lecture Notes - Lecture 11: Self-Awareness, Nules, Personal Fable

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Infants = social beings from birth: hardwired to be social, has rich social life from very minute they"re born. Come equipped w/ some skills to ensure social interaction: appearance, eye contact, crying, social smiles. Self-awareness: sense of self as separate from others. Self-concept: attitudes, behaviours & values that person believes make them unique. Self-efficacy: belief that one"s capable of performing certain task. By 9 months, interested in baby in mirror, but not aware that it"s a reflection of self http://www. youtube. com/watch?v=y7box3yp1yk. By 15 months, infants begin to show self-recognition in mirror task. At 18-24 months, children look more at photos of self than others & refer to self by name or personal pronoun http://www. youtube. com/watch?v=se_otmqrdg0. Awareness of self extends to an understanding of ownership. Preschoolers mention concrete characteristics, such as physical characteristics, preferences, possessions, & competencies. At 6-8 yrs, children begin to mention emotions, social groups, & comparisons to others.

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