Ability to inhibit impulsive responding to temptation. 1st step toward moral behaviour: doing what"s right . 2 years: have internalized some controls: capable of some self-control in their parent"s absence. 3 years: capable of self-regulation: devise ways to regulate their own behaviour, no touch . Mastery of self-control develops gradually during elementary school. Ability to maintain self-control consistent over situations (e. g. , confessing to misdeeds) & remarkably stable over time (i. e. 4 to 15 yrs) Inductive reasoning: explaining situation to child, encouraging them to think it through on their own, develop internalized moral values. Power assertion: no explanation, boot camp" parenting style, because i said so", don"t develop internal control. 2 yr old amanda spilled cup of juice, just after she"d been asked to leave it on the counter. Amanda"s dad thinks she should be disciplined for disobeying direct instruction. Her mom thinks she"s too young to control herself.