PSYC 2600 Lecture Notes - Lecture 5: Psychophysiology, Psychoticism, Extraversion And Introversion

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21 Sep 2017
Department
Course
Class 5 (Traits)
Exam Review on Tuesday at 5-6 pm.
There will be a chat room available on the CUlearn page.
Exam review link available on CU learn.
Trait-descriptive adjectives
Words that describe traits, attributes of a person that are characteristic of a person and
perhaps enduring over time.
o Nervous, talkative, humble, curious, organized, honest, narcissistic.
o Words apture soethig aout people’s usual a of atig i the orld.
3 questions
How should we conceptualize traits?
How can we identify which traits are the most important?
What are the different taxonomies?
Traits as internal properties
What is a trait? A trait is an internal causal property. When we think of them this way, we
see them as something inside the individual. Humbleness and honesty can be applied to
this perspective.
o A common example is also courage. These three examples share something in
common, in terms of behavioural residue. What makes them different from
extraversion and conscientiousness? These examples are not visible.
o You have to wait for the situation to determine if someone is courageous, humble, or
honest. You cannot see these things on a person like you can with the Big 5 traits.
o Our traits are 50% inheritable, and they are learned, and they are determined from
environment.
Thigs aout the situatio ad a perso a affet the a that e treat the. We ould’t
try to scare someone who is neurotic.
Personality is your usual way of responding to the world.
Descriptive Summary
The Act Frequency Formulation starts with the notion that traits are categories of acts.
When we try to measure things, how do you know that someone is aggressive? We come
up with things that describe an action.
We have to nominate acts, we make a list, we want to look at the content of the domain
and sample from it. We want all the acts we could think of in a particular domain.
We look at behaviours, and if these behaviours are prototypical of the domain, we can say
that a person has a specific trait.
o If a child constantly punches others in the face, we can say that they are aggressive.
But, is a trait simply a descriptive set of summaries? What about our failures to act, or things
that are not necessarily observable.
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
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Document Summary

Class 5 (traits: exam review on tuesday at 5-6 pm, there will be a chat room available on the culearn page, exam review link available on cu learn. When we think of them this way, we see them as something inside the individual. Humbleness and honesty can be applied to this perspective: a common example is also courage. These three examples share something in common, in terms of behavioural residue. These examples are not visible: you have to wait for the situation to determine if someone is courageous, humble, or honest. We (cid:449)ould(cid:374)"t try to scare someone who is neurotic: personality is your usual way of responding to the world. Descriptive summary: the act frequency formulation starts with the notion that traits are categories of acts. We come up with things that describe an action: we have to nominate acts, we make a list, we want to look at the content of the domain and sample from it.

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