PSYC 2600 Lecture Notes - Lecture 14: Pollination Syndrome, Longitudinal Study, Personality Development

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7 Nov 2017
Department
Course
Class 14 (Habits and Personality)
How we break habits
The process that is describing this paper is something we discussed.
In the beginning of the process of someone being coached, you have to enlighten your
client or yourself.
o Emotional intelligence is the ability to recognize and do something with your
emotions. You can use them to your benefit.
James Gross, well known for his work on emotions.
o Sometimes you can work yourself into a negative state, because it will be
advantageous to you.
o We have to be able to acknowledge how we are feeling.
Individual change model:
o Enlighten. Identify strengths, ideal self vs the real self.
o Encourage. Motivation, self efficacy, skill building, goal implementation.
o Enable. Practice plans, nudge reminders, social support, relapse prevention,
evaluation.
Nudge. Based o the otio of liertaria pateralis.
o Without eliminating freedom of choice. Paternalism is enforcing the nudge, and
libertarian is enforcing free will.
o Doing something that is known to be in best interests. Something happens unless
you opt out of it.
o Trying to get you to do something that your human nature wont necessarily let
you do.
o Dan Ariely, we have to remind people to put them in the right direction. We have
a Stone Age brain running around in the modern world.
A goal intention vs an implementation intention
o Peter Galwitzer.
o If my heart begins to race, then I will begin to use my mindfulness breathing
technique.
Factors other than repetition may be important in learning.
The boundaries between sub-routines characterized by the placement of behaviour
within already made routines.
o Positive attitudes affected habit formation.
Event segmentation theory:
Behaviour is perceived and stores as a hierarchy structure. Complex behaviours are
broken down into sequences of similar events.
We have these sequences, and all events are sequenced that way.
Prospective memory.
o The ability to remember delayed intentions.
o We need commitment, a positive attitude.
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Document Summary

How we break habits: the process that is describing this paper is something we discussed. In the beginning of the process of someone being coached, you have to enlighten your client or yourself: emotional intelligence is the ability to recognize and do something with your emotions. James gross, well known for his work on emotions: sometimes you can work yourself into a negative state, because it will be advantageous to you, we have to be able to acknowledge how we are feeling. Identify strengths, ideal self vs the real self: encourage. Motivation, self efficacy, skill building, goal implementation: enable. Practice plans, nudge reminders, social support, relapse prevention, evaluation. (cid:862)nudge(cid:863). Based o(cid:374) the (cid:374)otio(cid:374) of li(cid:271)ertaria(cid:374) pater(cid:374)alis(cid:373): without eliminating freedom of choice. Paternalism is enforcing the nudge, and libertarian is enforcing free will: doing something that is known to be in best interests.

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