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Lecture 13

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Department
Psychology
Course
PSYC 2600
Professor
Elizabeth Nisbet
Semester
Winter

Description
Lecture 13 (ch.10) The Intrapsychic Domain - Largely based on the work of Sigmund Freud • Unconscious motivated behaviour and helped us understand why people did things - Psychoanalytic Theory • Some concepts (i.e. repression) have been supported  Can’t generalize Freud’s findings to the population  Not always aware of all the information we take in • However, contemporary Psychoanalytic Theory (called the neo-analytic movement) has moved beyond Freud’s original theories • Instead, psychoanalysts today focus on childhood relationships and adult conflicts with others • Topics: Unconscious, Motivation, Conflict,Attachment, etc • Childhood experiences guide the rest of your adult relationships - influences attachment potentially developmental processes where we move from an immature phase to a more mature phase – develop ability to self-regulate emotions and behaviour and we develop an identity Assumptions - Psychic Determinism: • Nothing happens by chance or accident • Everything we do, think, say and feel is an expression of our mind • Assumption in psychoanalysis that nothing happens by accident – everything you do is based on some underlying thought in your mind • Have processes happening in our minds that go on at the same time between our conscious and our unconscious – conflicted feelings  Most of our thoughts are in the unconscious – we’re unaware of them Five Central Propositions - Contemporary psychoanalysis is based on five foundational concepts: 1. Much of mental life is unconscious • Have processes happening in our minds that go on at the same time between our conscious and our unconscious – conflicted feelings • Most of our thoughts are in the unconscious – we’re unaware of them 2. Mental processes operate in parallel, hence individuals can have conflicted feelings 3. Childhood experiences are important • Childhood experiences guide the rest of your adult relationships - influences attachment potentially developmental processes where we move from an immature phase to a more mature phase – develop ability to self-regulate emotions and behaviour and we develop an identity 4. Mental representations guide people’s actions 5. Development involves regulating sexual & aggressive feelingsAND moving from immature/social dependent to interdependent Contemporary Views on the Unconscious - Motivated Unconscious View- unconscious desires that motivate us to do things • Behavior is motivated by unconscious processes • Not really supported by research – ex. subliminal messages don’t motivate people • But there are processes that go on that we’re aware of that motivate our behavior - Cognitive Unconscious View- priming people • Individuals can be unaware of information that their sensory stimuli are processing (i.e. subliminal perception, priming, ability to type)  Ex. study: primed people with words of the elderly, when these people walked out of the lab later, they walked more slowly because they were thinking of older people  Ex: music being played backwards supposedly having subliming messages • Information is “not in conscious awareness” but is not necessarily repressed Repression and Contemporary Research on Memory - Memory researcher Elizabeth Loftus argues that we should not conclude that all recovered memories are false, just because some are apparently false - Also, we should not assume that all recovered memories are true, just because some are true - Loftus argues that we must be aware of processes that contribute to the construction of false memories (e.g., popular press, behavior of some therapists) - Suggesting questions of psychologists can create false memories - Spreading activation model of memory – thinking of ex. shrub activates the area of your brain that makes you think of ex. Grass • Explains why we can think something happened that actually didn’t So, You Want to Have a False Memory:ACloser Look - Spreading activation model of memory: Mental elements are stored in memory along with associations to other elements in memory - Most modern cognitive psychologists believe that false memories can occur - Humans have a constructive memory—i.e., memory influences in various ways what is recalled - Research on mistakes of recognition on word lists help us understand dramatic false memories of, e.g., childhood abuse Ego Psychology - Erikson’s Eight Stages of Development (no specific questions about these on exam) • Development of the self – guides our thoughts about who we are • Developing an identity • Erikson’s stages (read, but not specific questions on exams that ask you to memorize these) - Karen Horney and a Feminist Interpretation of
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