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Lecture 2

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Carleton University
PSYC 2600
Chris Motz

Lecture 2 Thursday, January 6, 2011 - Essay o WebCT- evaluation form for essay th o APA format—detailed instructions, updated to 6 edition o Not as nitpicky as APA people would be o Write in formal style, no “I” o Read some journal articles to see the style o Half the marks are around editing (very important) o Picking a topic—table of contents, it will be considered a valid personality topic if it’s in the textbook. (Ex. Self-esteem, motives, traits, etc.)  The part of the textbook: terminology, names, etc.  Check library website—Psych Info, search more information for the topic.  Taking this idea, demonstrating that you understand the topic. In the other half, you’re taking this to apply to a real-world situation (traits and relationship satisfaction—relate it to your relationship, or your neighbours, etc.) o Writing an outline—flow from start to finish  After writing the paper, turn it into an outline to check the transition o Intro: what you’re talking about, where it’s going (the conclusion) o Don’t do quotations o First names are okay, could give aliases if you want o *This is the one case where you can say “I” (if you’re using yourself as the example) o Can divide your paper differently from 50/50. Can weave back and forth too. o Don’t insert the “I” as narrator—only when directly discussing your experience. - Different forces work to shape who we are as a person - Forces work on all of us (human nature level)—a lot of this - Also notice that groups are similar, different from other groups o Low self-esteem vs. high self-esteem o University students vs. non-university students o How do we account for behaviour when there are groups? How do we come up with coherent idea? - Forces that influenced only individuals o Particular, unique experience shapes unique personality o Difficult for figuring out who we are. - No comprehensive way of putting all this research together - *This definition directly from the textbook. Good. - Traits: focus of personality research o Allow us to make comparisons o High in neuroticism, etc. - Mechanisms: processes. The way we process information. o We don’t all process information in the same way. o Inputs (taking in information) and decision rules and outputs (consequences, thoughts, emotions, behaviours) - Might engage in different social norms in different situations, but underlying personality is still the same. - There are interactions between internal and external - But we need a theory to account for all the different forces and factors, show the organization - Maybe traits influence the way we process information, but it could be vice versa. o Or back and forth, or they could be influenced by something else, etc. o We might argue that the mechanisms are still so important that we’ll separate them out, even if this is true. - Consistent patterns of behaviour from really young (some research of individual differences starts at 3 months of age) - As responding to the environment, we change it, t
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