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Lecture 3

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Carleton University
PSYC 2600
Chris Motz

Introduction to the Study of Personality Tuesday, January 11, 2011 - Essay: technically, could just use textbook as only source (this works for some topics). But for vast majority, will need 3-5 sources, including the textbook. Textbook provides synopsis, some names, etc. - Media- huge issue with vaccine, connecting it to autism. Revoked the article, because there was flaw in it. Very rare that it slips through the process, though. - Academic journal articles, books - Associations like APA will have legitimate sources, can use their online articles - Try to only use online information affiliated with official organization - Last class: we read personality study, class became sample - What did they measure? o First questionnaire measured satisfaction of life o Second one measured perceived stress - What sort of relationship might we expect between these two variables? o Negative correlation between perceived stress and satisfaction o At some point, we have a shared human nature o We all have the capacity to feel stress (though we may cope different, don’t feel very stressed in some situations, etc.) and satisfaction (though we may vary in levels) o We can talk about high stress people vs. low stress people o We may find high stress and low satisfaction (the trend), but we may find high stress and high satisfaction people (outliers) or low stress and low satisfaction people (outliers) o We can start to look for similarities among some groups and differences between groups—trends o We can look at each individual—huge spread, lots of unique scores. We’d probably still have people overlap. But if we measure on more aspects, we’d realise that no individuals are alike. - George Kelly: we construct our environment - We are all scientists of the world, we explore the world around us - Larsen and Buss take this idea and use it for personality—we are all personality psychologists- try to figure out what people are doing, why, what their personalities are like, etc. - Traits of someone you admire o Ambitious o Sensitive o Fair/Just o Open-minded o Caring, loving o Funny o Able to adapt - Traits of someone you dislike o Impulsive o Paranoid o Indulgent o Angry/hostile o Perverse o Emotionally restricted o Uninterested in change - Pick one trait and generate a list of synonyms o Open-minded o Synonyms: tolerant, flexible - How to assess for that specific trait o Self-report- in the form of statements o Ex. I would have no problem with the idea of gay marriage, with a scale from 1 to 7 (1= this does not represent me, 7= this totally represents
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