Introduction to the Study of Personality Tuesday, January 11, 2011
- Essay: technically, could just use textbook as only source (this works for some
topics). But for vast majority, will need 3-5 sources, including the textbook.
Textbook provides synopsis, some names, etc.
- Media- huge issue with vaccine, connecting it to autism. Revoked the article,
because there was flaw in it. Very rare that it slips through the process, though.
- Academic journal articles, books
- Associations like APA will have legitimate sources, can use their online articles
- Try to only use online information affiliated with official organization
- Last class: we read personality study, class became sample
- What did they measure?
o First questionnaire measured satisfaction of life
o Second one measured perceived stress
- What sort of relationship might we expect between these two variables?
o Negative correlation between perceived stress and satisfaction
o At some point, we have a shared human nature
o We all have the capacity to feel stress (though we may cope different,
don’t feel very stressed in some situations, etc.) and satisfaction (though
we may vary in levels)
o We can talk about high stress people vs. low stress people
o We may find high stress and low satisfaction (the trend), but we may find
high stress and high satisfaction people (outliers) or low stress and low
satisfaction people (outliers)
o We can start to look for similarities among some groups and differences
o We can look at each individual—huge spread, lots of unique scores. We’d
probably still have people overlap. But if we measure on more aspects,
we’d realise that no individuals are alike.
- George Kelly: we construct our environment
- We are all scientists of the world, we explore the world around us
- Larsen and Buss take this idea and use it for personality—we are all personality
psychologists- try to figure out what people are doing, why, what their
personalities are like, etc.
- Traits of someone you admire
o Caring, loving
o Able to adapt
- Traits of someone you dislike o Impulsive
o Emotionally restricted
o Uninterested in change
- Pick one trait and generate a list of synonyms
o Synonyms: tolerant, flexible
- How to assess for that specific trait
o Self-report- in the form of statements
o Ex. I would have no problem with the idea of gay marriage, with a scale
from 1 to 7 (1= this does not represent me, 7= this totally represents