Class Notes (806,815)
Canada (492,451)
Psychology (2,614)
PSYC 2600 (167)
Chris Motz (27)
Lecture 17

Lecture 17.doc

6 Pages
Unlock Document

Carleton University
PSYC 2600
Chris Motz

Lecture 17 Tuesday, March 15, 2011 - Still in Chapter 13 - Supposed to be starting social and cultural domain th - April 5 catch up class—will definitely have class - Ch. 13—we’ve been talking about subjective well-being, then Ch. 14 - SWB o Diener—the concept of SWB o What does it mean? Related to? Caused by? o Whether this is related to wealth o Difference between nations o Does wealth = happiness? o Big problem with just doing between-nation research o Potential confounding variables—very powerful causes of SWB (human rights, equality, etc.) o Within culture: what’s going on? Connection between SWB and very low levels of money.  Seems relatively obvious  For people who have very little, earning a little more could have big positive impact o But there’s a threshold—after a while, no connection with money o This connection related to whether the money is fulfilling a need vs. a desire o Realms of excess money—not connected to SWB - A number of theoretical models o Costa and McCraes model: direct o Personality-emotion-SWB o Strong direct relation with the emotional content (positive/negative affect) in our lives o Strong relation between extraversion traits and positive affect, which is connected to SWB o Neuroticism traits related to negative affect, which is connected negatively to SWB o Direct model (direct relation between trait and emotion) - Now for the direct model o Second model: events we experience are amplified by traits, results in stronger emotion o Situations potentially able to elicit positive affect—extraversion traits— positive affect—SWB  Everyone experiences these situations  Those with ext. traits amplify o Likewise, situations potentially able to elicit negative emotions— neuroticism traits—negative affect—SWB  Everyone experiences the situations  Those with neuro. Traits amplify o This is also direct model: direct connection between traits and affect - Indirect model o Lose the direct action between trait and emotion/affect o Personality affects lifestyle o Ext. traits—lifestyle that fosters more positive outcomes—positive affect —SWB o Neuro. Traits—lifestyle that fosters more negative outcomes—negative affect—SWB - Stroop task—way of measuring attentional bias (can do this for emotions) o How do we get around to measuring emotions? Real life outcomes? o Typical Stroop task—read the colour of the font, ignoring the meaning of the world o Dependent variable: response time o We’re distracted by the meaning o If content is more meaningful, will be more distracted, longer response time o Can figure out what causes anxiety o Often use this for clinical research - Trait anger o We talk about individual differences in people based on level of happiness, etc. o But we can also talk about trait-like characteristics on anger o Trait anger—looking to see whether this has influence on attentional bias o Whenever we enter into social environment, we’re making judgement (evaluating everything through lens of personality) o Previous research—differences in trait anxiety has relation to attentional bias (bias for threat-related cues) o Trait anger should also influence attentional reaction to threat (selective attention) o Premeasured on trait anger and trait anxiety  Stroop task—series of faces that are either neutral expression or faces that have angry expression  Looking for response times  People high in trait anger should be more distracted by angry faces  If we do have trait anger, response times should go up o Results  High trait anger participants slow down when naming tint for angry faces  Selective attention correlated with trait anger, not necessarily trait anxiety o Emotional traits (stable individual differences) influence cognitive processing and responses - Style of emotional life o Can call it affect intensity  How we experience the emotions (high, low, etc.)  High affect intensity experience emotions strongly (that doesn’t necessarily mean they don’t have weak emotions; they’re reactive, variable)  Low affect intensity people experience emotions more mildly (still capable of experiencing strong, powerful emotions)  Individual differences in affect intensity. Even people who are low can have variety in affect intensity according to the situation.  We can have people who are strongly positive/negative in the content of their emotional lives—this is unrelated to the high/low style  High affect intensity: greater mood variability  Affect intensity related to activity level, sociability, arousability, extraversion, neuroticism o Interaction of content and style in emotional life  Hedonic balance between positive and negative  Affect intensity is the how  The balance and the way we experience emotions are unrelated— can have any possible combination - Chapter 14—the self - What the self means for each of us personally - Who am I? o Social-cultural domain: one way of looking at individual differences— whether this is related to self as unique individual or relational  Ex. Someone who loves cooking—unique. Big brother—relational o Can also look at positive vs. negative statements
More Less

Related notes for PSYC 2600

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.