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PSYC 2600
Chris Motz

Lecture 23 Tuesday, April 5, 2011 - LAST DAY OF CLASSES! - Chapter 19—Personality disorders - Antisocial Personality disorder o Finished with case study of Ryan o **LACK OF EMPATHY** o Enjoy seeing other’s distress o Just enjoyable and fun, don’t care about the harm o Impulsivity o *This may come with lack of strong emotions, some irritability, some aggressiveness - Borderline Personality Disorder o Instability o Of everything—but it’s driven by an instability in the self-concept o Instability of relationships, life patterns, etc. o Unstable sense of self—no grounded feeling—it gets buffeted about by slightest change of circumstances—huge shifts in behaviour, emotion, etc. o Like the other ones, begins early, in various contexts, etc. o This person needs to have some other individual to provide them with sense of direction/grounding. If there’s separation: big shifts in sense of self, behaviour o Frantic efforts to avoid abandonment—any hue of separation, abandonment is huge o Very responsive to changes in (social) environment, abandonment fears, as a result any hue of abandonment can produce strong emotional reactions (anger) o Internal feeling that they might be a bad person is confirmed when someone abandons them o Frantic efforts to avoid may include impulsive behaviour (self-mutilation, suicide attempts) o Pattern of unstable and intense relationships—they require person to be an anchor, we’re not ready to have someone get so intense so they become unstable—prone to break-up earlier than others o Potentially put the other person on a pedestal (idealize)—when that doesn’t work out, quickly devalue them - Histrionic Personality Disorder o *will contrast with narcissistic o Strong need to be the centre of attention o Feels uncomfortable if not paying attention to them o May do something to make sure you focus on them—whatever it takes o If you’re not the focus, you feel left out o Potentially dress in crazy clothes, speak dramatically, sexuality, emotion, etc. o They don’t necessarily strongly feel the emotion but exaggerate it—not genuinely felt o Case study: Pat always on stage—seemed to radiate in life, dressed flamboyantly, often out late on a date, overly praising the interviewer, frequently complained of illnesses or injuries that interfered with work, disorganized, didn’t plan, made promises that won approval but that she couldn’t keep (made up story that elicited sympathy and compassion), often interrupted meetings about research to talk about boyfriends, wedding plans seriously discussed with every one, manipulated several male teachers to recommend her for another school though she moved classes twice - Narcissistic Personality Disorder o *Both this and histrionic look for attention o *difference: the type of attention  Histrionic: not too picky about the type of attention, would make a fool out of themselves to get attention  Narcissistic: want respect, admiration o Grandiosity (the me is better than everyone else—as a result, everyone else should respect and admire me) o A bit of a lack of empathy—driven by feeling of grandiosity o Manifests early, variety of contexts, etc. o Self-importance—overvalue what they have done, inflate their accomplishments, often appearing boastful and pretentious o Devalue contributions of others o Expect others to recognize how awesome they are—surprised when this doesn’t happen—they assume that eventually people will recognize o Fantasies of unlimited success, power o May ruminate about long overdue admiration and privilege, compare themselves favourably with famous successful people o Preocupied with power—associated with high status o *case study—Patricia—long history of banking jobs, interpersonal discord —demoted from supervisory position, often felt out of place, other didn’t adequately appreciate her skill—thought she might have something to do with their dislike of her—quickly reverted to defensive statements—her actual wish was to cause co-workers and supervisors to recognize her superiority—condescending remarks of co-workers (little intelligence and abilities)—forced other workers to do less pleasant work—highly offended and irritated when friend arrived late to dinner because of sick kid, no compassion—felt that others didn’t like her and conspired against her to make her perform worse—refused to cooperate with husband at home—enraged when criticized or treated badly, defended herself (she’s just jealous) o *If someone else gets recognition/higher status, it should be due to me o Envous of others, believes that others are envious of him/her o High self-confidence could actually be beneficial for individual, climb corporate ladder - 3) Anxious/Fearful o Avoidant, Dependent, Obsessive-Compulsive o Manifestation of the fear response, anxiety is just the manifestation o **Avoidant Personality Disorder**  Social inhibition, feelings of inadequacy, hypersensitivity to negative evaluation  Internal feeling that they might be inherently unworthy—not good enough  Avoid any potential situation where this might get confirmed—any situation that might involve evaluation (school, work, social interaction)  Might take a job that’s beneath your abilities so you don’t get judged; avoid school; avoid making new friends  Interpersonal intimacy is difficult because of this underlying fear/anxiety  Social situations, don’t want to focus on themselves, feel awkward —withhold intimate feelings for fear of being exposed, ridiculed, shamed  Low threshold for detecting criticism/rejection  *Case study: Jane not worth noticing—raised by alcoholic mother who abused her verbally or physically—believed that she must be unworthy person—still expected to be rejected by others (in late 20s), highly self-critical, thought people would not like her and that they’d see her as loser, became upset if she thought someone was behaving negatively, if newspaper vendor failed to smile at her she autom
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