PSYC 2600 Lecture Notes - Lecture 6: Apperception, Projective Test, Eleanor Roosevelt

76 views5 pages
27 Jul 2016
Department
Course
Professor
Tuesday, July 26th, 2016
PSYC 2600 – Motives and Personality
Introduction:
-Motivational psychologists ask, “What drives people to do the things they do?”
-They search for motives that propel ppl to do what they do
-Many psychologists view personality as consisting of few general motives
-These motives operate through conscious or unconscious mental processes that influence
on behaviour
Motives: Behind the scenes
-Motive: internal state that arouses & directs behaviour toward specific object or goal
-Caused by deficit, lack of something
-Often based on needs: states of tension within person
-As need’s satisfied, tension’s reduced
-Motives propel ppl to perceive, think, & act in ways that serve to satisfy a need
Relation between needs & motives: *diagram in lecture slide*
-Deficit (haven’t eaten today) -> need (for food) -> motive (hunger) -> thoughts &
fantasies (thinking about food, fantasizing about big meal, perceiving that rock looks like
loaf of bread, etc.) OR behaviours intended to satisfy need (go to store, buy food, bring it
home, cook it)
Basic Concepts:
-Motives = part of Intrapsychic Domain for several reasons:
oMotivational psychologists stress importance of internal psychological needs &
urges
oSome motives can be unconscious
oReliance on projective techniques to measure motives
-Social motives = complex
Henry Murray’s Theory of Needs:
-According to Murray, need refers to readiness to respond in certain way under certain
circumstances
-Needs organize perception, guiding us to “see” what we want (need) to see
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 5 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in
-Needs organize action by compelling person to do what’s necessary to satisfy need
-Needs refer to states of tension & satisfying need reduces tension
-Process of reducing tension that’s satisfying & not tensionless state per se
-Murray proposed list of fundamental human needs & each person has own hierarchy
oDesire, intention, emotions, action tendencies
-Not necessarily the outcome, but process
-*table in lecture slide*
oNeeds organized in unique hierarchy for each person
oNeeds interact w/ 1 another, increasing or decreased strength
-Elements in environments affect person’s needs
-Press: need-relevant aspects of environment
oAlpha press: objective reality
oBeta press: perceived reality
Environment perceived differently based on differing needs of individuals
Dan, your co-worker, just got fired:
-Alpha Press: walking toward you w/ box of his belongings b/c he was fired
-Beta Press: high ambition needs, high social affection needs
You’re assigned a group for class project:
-Alpha Press: your group’s sitting around a table
-Beta Press: high social power needs vs. low social power needs
Apperception: Act of interpreting and perceiving meaning in the environment
-Apperception: interpreting environment & perceiving meaning of what’s going on
oNeeds & motives influence apperception, esp in ambiguous environments
-Thematic Apperception Technique (TAT; est. 1935):
oAmbiguous pictures presented to participant for interpretation
oPresumption that person projects current needs & motives into interpretation of
picture
-TAT: Make up a story about the picture
find more resources at oneclass.com
find more resources at oneclass.com
Unlock document

This preview shows pages 1-2 of the document.
Unlock all 5 pages and 3 million more documents.

Already have an account? Log in

Get access

Grade+
$10 USD/m
Billed $120 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
40 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class
Class+
$8 USD/m
Billed $96 USD annually
Homework Help
Class Notes
Textbook Notes
30 Verified Answers
Study Guides
1 Booster Class