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Lecture 7

PSYC 3402 Lecture Notes - Lecture 7: Juvenile Delinquency, Cognitive Deficit, Frontal Lobe

26 pages41 viewsWinter 2013

Department
Psychology
Course Code
PSYC 3402
Professor
Julie Blais
Lecture
7

Page:
of 26
Lecture 7
Age-crime curve
- There is a spike in delinquent antisocial behavior in delinquency, but its normal for
adolescents to go through this phase
- Most of the antisocial behavior youth engage in is minor (consuming alcohol/drugs/theft)
- Spike between 15-20 and then a general decline
Police investigating brother death of 7 Y.O. Edmonton boy
- Most siblings disagree, argue and fight.
- During the holiday season, two young brothers, one 7-years old and one 5-years-old
fought over a toy.
- Allegedly, the 5-year-old stabbed his older brother, who died shortly after.
- Edmonton police declared the stabbing a “non-culpable homicide”, deeming the child too
young to be responsible for his actions.
- Police worked with the family to provide counseling and services to ensure adequate
parenting, supervision and support for both the child and family.
- Age of criminal responsibility is 12
- Developmentally, 12-18 is different than adults because most of our brain isn’t fully
developed until into our 20s
Juvenile delinquency
- Youth Criminal Justice Act (2003)
PREVENT youth crime
PROVIDE meaningful consequences
ENCOURAGE responsibility
IMPROVE rehabilitation and reintegration of youth into the community
How to deal with juvenile offenders
- Take no further action
- Warning (more appropriate for low risk)
Verbal
Police caution
Written warning from Crown
All these are very common and police are encouraged to do this (warning as contact
with criminal justice system is better for low risk youth, than going through the whole
system)
- Referral
- Sanctions
Youth-centered
E.g., Conference
- Youth can go through the entire process and get off with a warning at the end (by judge
discretion)
- Police are encouraged to use extra judicial powers (avoid sanctioning the youth in any
way)
Youth-adult sentences
- Youth are no longer transferred to adult court – but those 14+ can be given an adult
sentence
If youth gets an adult sentence (ex: murder gets 25 years), they would spend the first
few years in a juvenile facility until 18, and then serve the rest in an adult institution
- Youth sentencing principles:
Not more severe than an adult sentence
Severity of punishment needs to match the severity of the crime
Consistency
Proportionality
- Max sentence 10 years for murder
- Can’t impose a higher sentence than one for an adult
Custody and reintegration
- Unlikely to be detained pre-trial
Youth would rarely be detained until trial, rather they will be released to the custody
of their parents
- Custodial sentences are last resort
- Cannot be committed to custody unless:
Committed a violent offence
Failed to comply with non-custodial sentence
Repeat (and serious) offender
- Custody sentences are to be followed by a period of supervision and support during
transition back into the community
- Youth get more focus on transition back into community than adults (very valuable)
Youth accused of crime 2000-2010

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