PSYC 3402 Lecture Notes - Lecture 3: Sex Offender, Reductionism, Classical Conditioning

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2 Aug 2016
PSYc 3402
Jan 21
-neurotic criminals want to get caught
-they have a harsh conscious aspect of the superego.
-psychopathic offenders seek pleasure. They then have a weak superego.
-deviant identification: one of your role models has antisocial thoughts and behaviours.
-leads to a deviant superego.
-these three constructs aren’t very empirical and observable.
Psychodynamic theories of crime
-there was a time in psychiatry where a lot of a person psychological deficiencies were attributed to
poor mother-child relationship.
-without a positive influence there is less chance of building self control.
Hirschi’s control
-aligns well with Freud.
-focuses on what prevents us from committing crime and antisocial behaviour.
-social bonds is what prevents us from engaging in antisocial behaviour
Hirschi and Gottfredson General Theory of crime.
-if you have predisposition to have less control and you have opportunities to offend, your chances of
doing so are high.
-19% of criminal behaviour is due to poor self control.
Classical conditioning
-stimulus generalaiton: once you pair the UCS with CS, any similar CS will elicit the CR
-extinction is when the conditioning disappears when the UCS is no longer paired with the CS
Sex offender treatment
-faradic conditioning: electrical conditioning
-focusing on deviant sexual preference with sex offender.
-covert: presented with audio/visual stimuli arousing images or videos. Then pairs video with unpleasant
stimuli. Attempting to move from state of arousal to consequences. Shame or punishment associated
with behaviour is then discussed. Prosocial behaviour is then encourage
-masturbatory sation: force individual to continue for long periods of time so it becomes unenjoyable.
Eysenck’s Biosocial
-if you are under aroused then you won’t have same reaction to punishment. If you aren’t upset with
punishment how will you learn?
-theory is reductionist.
Socia learning
-SDAT: we are learning from people around us through modelling.
9 tenents of DA theory
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