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Lecture 3

Lecture 3 - Alcohol and Canadian Undergrads.docx

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PSYC 3403
Tarry Ahuja

Lecture 3 –Alcohol and Canadian Undergrads Alcohol and Canadian Undergrads nd Wed., Jan. 22 , 2014 On Campus - At most schools – initiatives for preventing binge drinking - Why is it important? - What is considered harmful consumption or binge drinking? - Typically: 5+ drinks for males 4+ drinks for females 2004 Stats Canadian Campus Survey Undergrad General Students Population 5+ drinks on a Males Females Males Females single occasion at least weekly (4+ for females) 20.6% 12.5% 15.7% 10.3% HarmfulAlcohol Consumption - Brain still developing(under age of 25) – negative impacts on executive functioning (judgment, impulse control, planning) - Interference with school – sleep disturbances, falling behind - Increased risk of injury, police contact, assault, motor accidents - Women are especially vulnerable to the effects of heavy drinking (our bodies are smaller, have lower tolerance, fewer metabolizing enzymes and have less water so alcohol is of a higher concentration) - Newer trend: caffeinated alcoholic drinks o Problems: combining the two increases the negative consequences – increases how much alcohol is consumed and increases chances of the driver driving under the influence, more risk taking behaviour Reasons for Drinking - Often peer based o Getting together (41%), Parties (28%) - Peers have a significant impact on heavy drinking, if your peers are binge drinking, good chances those around you will binge drink as well. Lecture 3 –Alcohol and Canadian Undergrads - Frequency isn’t important when determining if you have a drinking problem, but it is important when looking at the DSM - How do you figure out if it’s a problem? o What harms is it causing? Does it impact your social relationships? Does it impact hobbies? Alcoholics Anonymous - 12 step program focus on spiritual and religious powers o Refering to any higher being – not necessarily “god” but it could be your television or reading o Based on abstinence – uses the medical model to say that alcoholism can not be cured, it is managed. Professional Treatment Centres - Withdrawal management (Detox) - Counselling - Residential Treatment (Rehab) Philosophy - Biopsychosocial Model - Harm Reduction (to reduce the harms of their use) Withdrawal
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