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RELI 1710 (41)
Zeba Crook (41)

Religion Sept 16, 2011.docx

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RELI 1710
Zeba Crook

MAJOR THEME: change in religion. People change, people meet other people and change. Change culture, change religion Christianity and Islam much younger than Judaism. Islam and Christianity took ideas from Judaism. Couldn’t have had their religions without them. If you look at the world census (pie chart). Christians and muslims, theological explaination is that god likes Christians or muslims better than jews. They are missionary religions, want to convert others, jews do not. To tell the history of jews is to tell the history of many civilizations and much of history. Influenced and were influenced by Canaanites, Assyrians, Ethiopians, Babylonians, Persians, Ishmaelites, Greeks, Pagan Romans, Christian. Have mostly been ruled under, sometimes ruled over. Have also married people of these civilizations. Intertwined ideas and on a personal level. Inter-marriage accelerates change in religion. Takes away from their “pure” race, therefore there is no pure race. With interaction and history comes change. Who is a Jew? Religious Judaism Ethnic Judaism According to rabbinic (sp) law now, you are Jewish if your mother is Jewish. You can change what you think or act, but can’t change the fact that you’re Jewish. Interesting. More lenient forms of Judaism argues that this is too strict (liberals) converting can also make you Jewish. Jews can’t agree with one another with who is Jewish. There is no governing body over world jewry. So “who is a Jew” depends on who you ask, how liberal (where on the spectrum they are) There are religious and non-religious Jews. Cultural Judaism (eat bacon, might not believe in god). Exists in Christianity and Islam. Religion can become a cultural artefact Sephardic-a Jew who is of Spanish or Portuguese or North African descent. Ashkenazi -A Jew of central or eastern European descent. More than 80 percent of Jews today are Ashkenazim. Geographic lines in Europe: spain, north Africa. Northern Europe. Different ways of worshipping, interpreting, etc. This unites all Judaism:  Three elements of Judaism ◦ One God: Shema ◦ Torah as word of God ◦ Future Salvation This is full extent of Jewish creed. Almost all Jews agree is the Torah is the word of God. But this means the Torah is timeless (conservative), or situated in world context, and our understanding needs to change (liberal) Jewish year: 5772 as of Sept 28. Muslims also have their own dating system. Therefore use Christian dating system because everyone does, whether or not they are Christian or not. DEFINE: Tanakh Biblical Myth:  Genesis 1-11  Adam and Eve; Garden of Eden; Creation  The Flood  Tower of Babel -not Jewish Examples of etiological myths (myths of origin, why are we different from them) And god saw it was good (radical statement that distinguishes them from Mesopotamia, and other’s around them. Identity formation). Biblical Legend:  Starts at Genesis 12  Abraham and Sarah  Ur-Canaan  c. 1900-1700 BCE  1st Patriarch (one of first father’s of Judaism) Jews, Christians and muslims fight over Abraham. All argue over his legacy, and which one he belonged to. Therefore, called Abrahamic legacies Promised by god that if he moves from Ur to Canaan, he will be ruler of a great nation. They are old and childless (a major liability, so adoption is popular, and surrogate parenthood). Sarah tells Abraham to impregnate Hagar, their slave. Have Ishmael. Common practice. At 80 years old, god performs a miracle and allows Sarah to have a child at 80. Now they have a problem, and cast Ishmael and Isaac out of the house. They go south and disappear. Ishmaelites take Joseph to Egypt. All we see of them. Become Islam.  Canaan  Hagar  Ishmael and Isaac Isaac is the second patriarch of Judaism. JacobIsrael is the son of Isaac. Once one has had an encounter with god, you change, and so does your name.  Isaac  Jacob / Israel  “God of Abraham, Isaac and Jacob” ◦ The three patriarchs  The Israelites in Egypt  Moses Israelites stay in Egypt for a number of years, but these people are not Egyptian, so are persecuted. Were enslaved to build pyramids. Around 1200-1400 BCE, MIGHT be evidence in the drawings of slaves that look different from Egyptians. Moses: Mass killing of first born sons. One mother who wraps up this baby. Mother sends baby down the river, an Egyptian princess takes him in and raises him. A bush talks to Moses. Gives the name of God (for the fist time in this narrative). This name LATER CHANGES. All of the Genesis stories were edited after the name came. Passover: the angel of death passes over the houses of the Egyptians killing their first borns and saves the isrealite children. God will always intervene when the Jews are being persecuting and need it  Mt. Sinai (god reveals himself to moses and gives him the torah (law/instruction))  Torah = law  Mitzvah = commandment (pl. = mitzvot)  Mosaic Covenant (not the first covenant, first was Abraham.) ◦ Treaty (2 way contract) Jews will be protected.  Canaanite gods: Ba’al and Asherah ◦ Henotheism (there are many gods, but you worship only one) vs Monotheism (single god, but denies that there are any other gods)  Joshua  12 Tribes ruled over by “judges” Narrative tells of complete conquest. Anthropology shows that over several hundred years, Jewish population takes over  Saul  David (ruled c. 1000-960 BCE) ◦ Most famous king ◦ Most loved king Reaches most unified state with David.  David (ruled c. 1000-960 BCE) ◦ Model king  Consolidation of the kingdom - Israel  Peace and prosperity  Jerusalem Wealth and power follow unity
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