Oct. 7thand 9 2013
Not everyone who is possessed is an oracle. Some demons possess a body to
manifest an illness.
If a good spirit possesses someone, they have the potential to be trained as an oracle.
Being an oracle is not necessarily a full time job.
Many shamans farm and work like others do.
They are very practical. They do not dismiss western medicine.
Some Lhamas will consider mental illnesses as demonic possessions or as a disease
In Western cultures, what may be considered a mental illness (Schizophrenia,
Dissociative Identity Disorder) may be considered to be a possession in shamanic
In Christ inanity, possession is regarded as always being demonic.
1) Short answer questions on the readings
2) Essay question:
a) Using as your starting point the Chukchee statement “all that exists lives.” and
using concrete examples, write an essay on the shamanic view of human persons,
the external world, and the relationship with them.
b) Provide a working definition of shamanism.
*You’re allowed to bring an outline of your essay (double sided) with quotations but you
are required to hand it in with your exam after.
Neutral word for mystical or shamanic views: Trance
“Trance” is defined as a state of dissociation of self
Characterized as lack of voluntary movement
Lewis is not interested in knowing if the person is really in a trance or not.