Notes Week 4
Christianity: Eschatological ideas in the Book of Revelation
1. The Second Coming of Christ and the apocalypse in which the wicked of
the earth are destroyed and the Kingdom of God instituted.
2. The resurrection of the Christian martyrs and the beginning of the
millennium—a thousand years of Christ‘s rule when Satan is bound and
3. At the end of the millennium, a final battle and the destruction of Satan.
4. The universal resurrection of all people to stand before Christ‘s throne
and receive his judgment of eternal heaven or hell.
5. A new heaven and a new earth – the restoration of paradise.
Relationship between sin and death in the New Testament
Therefore, just as sin came into the world through one man, and death came
through sin, and so death spread to all because all have sinned—
For since death came through a human being, the resurrection of the dead has
also come through a human being; for as all die in Adam, so all will be made
alive in Christ.
[I Corinthians 15:21-22]
Thoughts on heaven and hell by a modern theologian, Hans Kung
In the scientific age most people no longer understand the cosmos to be divided
into 3 physical planes – heaven above and underworld or hell below so for Hans
Kung hell is:
Not a physical place where the devil is stoking the flames and souls are being
tortured for all eternity – hell means exclusion from fellowship with god –
separation from god.
NT images and statements are not to be taken literally but as indications of
the serious nature of our situation and the urgency with which we must act in
order to sa