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Carleton University
RELI 2732
Angela Sumegi

March 1 2012Lecture 8 Talks about the Midterm mark We been speaking about the idea of a person in Hinduism the essential personis that of the soul or the Atman which is eternally transmigrating from body to bodyuntil liberation is attained and there is no further rebirth the Hindu viewof the personalityunchanging undyingunborn atman that transmigrated and associated with form after form andlife after life until liberation is attained and no further rebirth In Buddhism ideas of death and afterlifeit becomes hard to explain and understandMap Indian subcontinent it developed in Nepal and Tibet was ruled by the kingdom of Magadha The Buddha was born in Lumbini enlightenment at Bodhgya first sermon at Sarnam and his death at Kusinagara These are the major places pilgrimage in the Buddhist world It is important that Buddhism develop in the context of the Brumatic religionwhich the religion of the culture The common principle between Hinduism and BuddhismThe cyclical concept of time the idea of time is cyclicalthe universe comes to beingdevelops and growsand devolves devolutionThe personality is not bounded by this one birth or death just like the universe dying and borning through timeSamasaraidea of rebirththe wheel cycle of rebirth and death Hinduism and Buddhism shares this Idea of Karma and rebirth where the principle order of the universe extends to the moral spearwhere morally good actionsgood results and morally bad actionsnegative results Once rebirth is tied to the karma action to the worldnegative or positive circumstancesThings that Buddhism does not acceptIn Buddhism does not accept peculiar in world religion P the idea eternal or unchanging soul essence because for them the universe is radically impermanent therefore the entire personality is not permanent and constantly changesThey also do not accept the idea of uncause causein other wordsdoes not accept the idea universaluncaused entitybeing just like in JudeoChristian idea of God and Braman in Hinduism as the bring about everything else but the idea of itself is uncaused you dont know how it come to be or exist In Buddhist theory if something is said to exist thenit must exist dependent of the cause andcondition that brought it to being because without the cause and condition there is no basis for such existence to arise there are many interpretations of God Brama and NirvanaBuddhist TraditionsTeaches that all things come to existence based on the cause and conditions If you want to say that God exist then He must exist upon a cause and a conditionBuddhism accepts the existence of gods but they are impermanent and caused They also accept that many types beings human being animal beings populate the universe and all of which comes to being and passed away They do not accept a God that causes the universe but god himself is uncaused Children have problem with this concept of the existence of God or who made him Buddhistlike science caused it supports the idea of cause effectTalks about his son coming home from India dealing with bulliesWhy are we prayingBuddhas name is Gautama family name 480400 BCE according to later researchBuddha is a title meaning the awakened one and comes from the word Budd meaningknowledgethe idea is only when your awake is where you have knowledge therefore when you are asleepno knowledgeBuddhas many namesSiddhartha boyhood namehe who has accomplished his goalsShakyamunithe sage muni of the ShakyaShakya is the name of the tribe he belong to After his enlightenment Tathagata does come or does gonehe who comes and goes in accordance to the things are Gatacoming or going and tathajust sodoes so More about BuddhaHe was born to the chief of the Shakya The Shakya are one of the tribal republic in the foothill of the HimalayasIn the Himalayas was not really assorted into kingdoms but tribes therefore it is inaccurate to say that the Buddha is the son of a KingAs a child he was told that if he stays in the world he will be a great ruler but if he leaves the world he becomes a great renounciatewhich is called Samana or striverThey were a lot of this people who left the household life and live in the forest to seek for trutha counterculture a counter to the orthodoxbrumatic system Those semana are ascetics severe who punishes the self or the body in order to free the soul such as flagellating oneself is an aspect of their practice of punishment of the body Other example in the summer lifethey will create fire to make them feel extremely hot or vice versa in the winter and sleeps in the nails
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