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SOCIO 1001A Oct 5.docx

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SOCI 1001
Christian Carron

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10/5/2010 3:03:00 PM SOCIO 1001A Class Notes Oct 5, 2010: HDI an index used to rank countries by level of “human development” *Define for the sake of measurement Operationalized as: 1. Life expectancy at birth, as an index of population health and longevity 2. Knowledge and education, as measured by adult literacy rate and school enrollment ratios 3. Standard of living, as measured by GDP per capita - How do you measure? - Culture refers to the shared values, beliefs, behaviour, and material objects that together form a people’s way of life - Share it with people, form own version, not individualized - Culture includes: how we think, how we act, what we own - In effect, everything we create with our hands and our minds - Culture is both our link to the past and our guide to the future - Traditional, family & friends past onto us, what is right and wrong - To understand culture, we must consider both thoughts and things - Nonmaterial culture is the ideas created by members of society, ideas that range from art to Zen - Cultural shapes not only what we do but also what we think and how we feel- elements of what we commonly, but wrongly, describe as human nature - Culture as problem-solving: The sum of practices, languages, symbols, beliefs, values, ideologies, and material objects that people create to deal with real-life problems - Allows us to adapt and thrive in our different environments “Culture as Biology” - Human capacity for abstraction, cooperation, and production is built on solid biological foundation - Sets broad human limits and potentials, incld. Potential to create culture - Constrains and enables us in both ways - cool website - Ethnocentrism- Tendency for person to judge other cultures exclusively by standards of their own culture - Cultural Relativism- Belief that all cultures have equal values - Everyone is different to each is their own - Looking at Canadian society, media depiction, & things around you - Example of enthnocentrism & cultural relativism - Danger: hierarchy of cultures, prejudice + discrimination - 3 examples of social issue w/ ethnocentrism and cultural relativism - Two Faces of Culture: - Culture as enabling influence which increases our choices - Culture as constraining influence which limits certain amount of choices Cultural Production and Symbolic Interactionism: - People do not accept culture passively - People actively produce and interpret culture, creatively fashioning it and attaching meaning to it in accordance with their diverse needs Cult
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