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SOCI 1002 w11.docx

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Carleton University
SOCI 1002
Kathleen Moss

SOCI 1002 E Foundations of Sociology Week 11: Social Movements • Women Rights Movement (Right to Vote 1919), Civil Rights Movement (1960s), Gay Rights Movement (1980s) • Collective behaviour: voluntary, often spontaneous activity that is engaged in by a large number of people and typically violates dominant group norms and values. • Routine: collective actions tend to be nonviolent and follow established patterns of behaviour in bureaucratic social structures. • Non-routine: collective action tends to be short-lived and sometimes violent (mobs, riot, panics). • Collective action can result in creation of one or more formal organizations to direct and further aims of its members. • Institutionalization of protest signifies establishment of a social movement. • For social movements to grow, members must make goals and consistent with interest, beliefs, values. • Social movements were typically small, localized and violent. • Subsequent growth of the state led to changes in social movements, including: o Growing in size (partly due to increased modes of communication, social settings). o Becoming less violent (size and organization often allowed movements to become sufficiently powerful to get their way without frequently resorting to extreme measures). th • Civil citizenship: 18 century struggle for right to free speech, freedom of religion and justice before the law. • Political citizenship: late 19 century/early 20 century struggle for right to vote and run for office. • Social citizenship: 20 century struggle for right to certain level of economic security and full participation in social life of country. • Universal citizenship: 20 century struggle to recognize right of marginal groups to full citizenship and rights of humanity as a whole. Social Movements • Social movement: organized activity that encourages or discourages social change. • Social movements are about an issue, big or small, seeking to encourage or discourage change in regards to this issue. The broader the issue the larger the group, the more defined issue the smaller the group. • Social movements are one of the most important collective behaviour because they often have lasting effects on the shape of our society. • Subcultures and countercultures found in industrial and post-industrial societies encourage social movements. • Public issues are likely to give rise to social movements. Types of Social Movements • Who is changed? Some movements target selected people, others try to change everyone. • How much change? Limited change or radical transformation. • Typology: classification of types (types of social movements), there are ideal types (types that fit
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