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SOCI 2043 (5)
Lecture 6

Lecture 6 Notes - Families with Young Children and the Middle Years - Nov 2013

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SOCI 2043
Kathleen Moss

Lecture 6: Families with Young Children & the Middle Years November 4 , 2013 What is socialization? • Parents are the first agents of socialization – the media, teachers, peers, siblings, religious organizations, etc. are all also socializing agents • Helps to develop self-identity which gives us the tools we need to function in society • The child is shaped by all internal and external factors in the family – i.e. sex of parents • Socialization through education can either coincide or conflict with values at home • Levels of religious participation have decreased; however, there is now a more diverse religious profile in Canada (i.e. more variety in religions) • Media – can be educational but can also show unhealthy lifestyle choices/stereotypes/violence/sexism/racism etc. Ideologies of Parenthood: • Medicalization of child-rearing – early 20 century, “children should be seen and not heard”, mothers were expected to rely on the advice of doctors and others from scientific backgrounds to parent their children, rigid schedule of when things should be done in childhood, children thought of as small adults and should be disciplined and taught how to behave in a certain way, bio-physical health/model • The ideology of intensive mothering – “mother knows best”, child should be the centre of attention, labour intensive, expensive, mothers should stay in the home and their sole job is to raise the children, economic conditions favorable during this time which allowed families to function on a single income, nurturing the emotional health of the child is important -Bowlby emphasized the importance of a warm, loving, and responsive mother • Expansion of educational material – “new” brain science – children very impressionable because neural connections made at an early age, important to shield children from violence and anything that could harm their development -research has countered this; neural connections are constantly made, should protect children but can still develop normally if exposed to something negative • Good mother/bad mother discourse – social expectations revolving around what a mother should be, mothers are blamed for anything that goes wrong in the child’s life -Responsive/Attachment Parenting: goal is to form a nurturing and strong connection between the parents and child, being in close proximity to your child 24/7, sleeping with the child, have the child decide when they want to stop breastfeeding, routine meals -could be putting too much authority and control in the child Parenting Styles: • Authoritarian – maximum control, parents expect unquestioning obedience, emphasizes respect for authority, orders, children may feel rejected and powerless or like they cannot exert independence, punishment is most likely to be severe and physical -children may become needy or become authoritarian themsel
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