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Lecture 3

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SOCI 2150
George Pollard

N ORMS th September 25 2012 Five Basic Norms of Public Realm Action  Normative shells, actors (co-presents) fill in blanks 1. CO-OPERATIVM OVEMENT  Intentionally strive to avoid people, “things”, angulations, side- stepping, little leap, accelerate, decelerate, pace, even back up  Goal: successful contact  avoidance  How: size up circumstances and options, act  Sociation is successful decision if uneventful (successful 99.9% of time, else chaos)  Normative preference example: round, not through groups of people (through requires “special script”; extra effort) Around objects, through groups of objects almost never go over, if can avoid Ex: study in Loeb building: pile of books/papers placed on floor. At certain heights people stepped over. Increase height of pile, people detoured, took another route, another staircase 2. CIVIINATTENTION  Mutual noticing among co-presents essential yet normative constraints on mutual noticing (not inattention; simply normative disinterest)  If anormative, arouses special curiosity, intent (looking, glancing vs. leering)  Practiced in every public realm - on buses, in restaurants, bars, sidewalks, physician / dentist office, hospital waiting room  Forms of disinterested noticing expressionless - face blank, fleeting stare, non-invitational; ritual regard, avoids overload, polite, not social shut-down how to act,  Consequences: co-presence (same place / time) w/out co-mingling, awareness, but no engagement or direct contact  Decorum is maintained 3. AUDIENCEROLE PROMINENCE  Co-presents immersed in public realms situation, audience for activity are part of situation (other pedestrians, those at bus stop, sitting in park)  Evokes theatrical metaphors: plot, actors, ad-lib, stage entrance, exit  Hegel alive, working public realm; compromising, audience role prominence varies with…  Nature of dyadic relations (love, fight, stroll) if walking than driving in public realms, if intentional actors present (mimes, buskers), extent of commercial trade (prostitution)  Overall: create worldly “place ballet” people walk, stroll….  Readily reveals normative system 4. R ESTRAINEH ELPFULNESS  Specifically targeted, clearly limited requests for innocuous, routine help 5. C IVILITY TOWARD DIVERSITY  Face-to-face contact mediates what might be seen as personally offensive, visible variations (beauty, skin colour, hair/dress style, demeanour, status, age, lifestyle)  Public realm value emphasis - decorum  Norm - predictable, decorous acts, re: others “Freedom from Judgement” - typifies most contact in the public realm, major pleasure of being “out
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