Class Notes (806,815)
Canada (492,451)
Sociology (1,021)
SOCI 2150 (43)
Lecture 2

Lecture 2.docx

6 Pages
Unlock Document

Carleton University
SOCI 2150
George Pollard

5 basic norms of public realm action 5 basic norms of public realm action - Normative shells, actors (co-presents) fill in blanks - How we see ourselves and how we see the others around us and how we fill in the blanks about what we have to do 1. Cooperative movement - Intentionally strive to avoid people, “things”, angulations, side-stepping, little leap, accelerate, decelerate, even back-up • Ex: avoid stepping on people and bumping into them • We will go to any extent to avoid hitting someone else • Goal: successful contact = avoidance • How: size up circumstances + options, act • Sociation is successful decision if uneventful (successful 99.9% of the time, else chaos) - Normative preferences example • Around, not through, groups of people  If you do, you say excuse me, and/or make yourself small  Going through requires “special script”, extra effort • Around objects, through groups of objects • Almost never go over, if you can avoid it 2. Civil inattention - Mutual noticing among co-presents essential • Sitting on the bus staring and noticing someone is kind of looking past you but not directly at you. This is civil inattention. • Yet, there are normative constraints on mutual noticing (not disattention; simply normative disinterest) • If anormative, arouses special curiosity, intent (looking, glancing versus leering) - Practiced in every public realm • On buses; in restaurants, bars; sidewalks, physician, dentist office; hospital waiting room - Forms of dis-interested noticing: • Expressionless face; blank, fleeting stare non-invitational; ritual regard; avoids overload polite, not social shut-down; know how to act - Consequences • Co-presence (same place, time) without commingling awareness, but no engagement or direct contact • Courtesy, unspoken, without direct contact • Ultimately, decorum is maintained 3. Audience role prominence - Co-presents immersed in public realm situation • Audience for activity are part of situation (other pedestrians, those at bus stop, sitting in park) - Evokes theatrical metaphors • Plot; actors, ad-lib, stage entrance, exit • Hegel alive, working public realm; compromise  Hegel assumed we are all actors in an ongoing play and we can perform our own parts as long as we don’t break the story line, we negotiate and search for the truth (discourse)- two actors find this discourse and meet in the middle with a compromise • Compromise is essential when there is an audience - Audience role prominence varies with... • Nature of dyadic relation (love, fight, stroll) • If walking than driving in public realms • If population density higher than lighter • If intentional actors present (mimes, buskers) • Extent of commercial exchange (prostitution) • If activities legal than illegal (drug deals) • If emergency, not non-emergency - Overall- creates worldly “place ballet” • People walk, stroll, run, sit, stand-up, watch, talk, read, nap; watch watchers watching watchers - Readily reveals normative system • All or most know how to act; avoid special attention 4. Restrained helpfulness - Specifically, targeted, clearly limited requests for innocuous, routine help (helping someone to find directions) • Gift in anticipation of return of a gift 5. Civility toward diversity - Face-to-face contact mediates what might be seen as personally offensive visible variations • (Beauty, skin coloring, hair or dress style demeanor, status, age, life-style) - Public realm value emphasis- decorum • Norm- predictable, decorous acts re: others - Freedom from judgement • Typifies most contact in the publ
More Less

Related notes for SOCI 2150

Log In


Don't have an account?

Join OneClass

Access over 10 million pages of study
documents for 1.3 million courses.

Sign up

Join to view


By registering, I agree to the Terms and Privacy Policies
Already have an account?
Just a few more details

So we can recommend you notes for your school.

Reset Password

Please enter below the email address you registered with and we will send you a link to reset your password.

Add your courses

Get notes from the top students in your class.