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SOCI 2445-A - September 11 2012.docx

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SOCI 2445
Darryl Davies

SOCI 2445 – A Sociology of Deviance Lecture One: Introduction to Social Deviance Professor Davies went over the course outline, which can be found on the main Carleton site under “Departments”; under the specific course code and professor. (He does not use WebCT or CULearn. Essay Questions and an Evaluation Grid can also be found with the Course Outline. Q: What is deviant behaviour? E.g. – A grocery store sign states that cash 1 is for 1 – 8 items only. A woman walks up to the cash with 9 items. An elderly woman asks her “can’t you read? This is only for 1 0 8 items!” The Clerk agrees with the elderly woman. So, the woman with 9 items removes one and goes through the cash. Before leaving, she turns to the elderly woman and curses at her. A male clerk at the next cash laughs.  Who is deviant? There are different ways of viewing deviant behaviour. Questions to ask in relation to Deviance:  How do we define deviance?  Why do people engage in deviant behaviour?  Why do some people assume a deviant behaviour? There are several definitions on deviance: 1. Demonology/Demonological Explanations Historically, deviance was viewed as persons who were possessed. It revolved around witchcraft and the supernatural. 2. Physiological Definition Anyone who has a physiological (physical) defect (e.g – shorter arm, shorter leg, body types, etc.) is considered deviant. Any bodily defect we consider NOT to be the norm. Who decides what is “ideal”? The Media. 3. Statistical Definition Looks at numbers. The Majority within a society becomes/represents the “norm”, while the minority represents the deviant. 4. Pathological Definition Medical Analogy: Looks at society as a living organism. War makes it pathological. It is “disease-like”. For example, Durkheim claimed that crime was normal, yet pathological at the same time. It is the norm because it occurs everywhere; and it is pathological once the State can no longer control it. 5. Relativistic Definition Rule-breaking. 6. Dangerous Behaviour People are viewed as normal or dangerous by the way they act. The way you act influences how people see you. People are classified as being serial killers and we believe that they need to be locked up. Terms of Dev
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