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SOCI 2445 (134)
Lecture 2

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Department
Sociology
Course
SOCI 2445
Professor
Darryl Davies
Semester
Fall

Description
SociologyofDeviance(Lecture2) departmentofsociology/undergrad,anddownloadnotes(courseoutline) EssaydueNovember1 ▯ -twosociologicaltheoriesismorethanenough ▯ -mustattachevaluationtotheessay PositivistPerspectiveonDeviance -threemaingroupsoftheoriesunderpositivists 1)Anomie-strainTheory: ▯ -includesRobertMerton,AlbertCohen,Cloward&Ohlin ▯ -anomie:itsadisjunctionbetweeninstitutionalmeansandculturalgoals ▯ -termdevelopedbyEmileDurkheim,defineditasastatethatisinconflict/ ▯ disorganized ▯ -Durkheimalsotalkedaboutthe“anomicindividual”asapersonwhois ▯ athighriskforsuicide. ▯ -believedthatcrimewasnormalinsociety,butwhatherecognizedwasthelevelof ▯ crime..onceitexceedsourabilitytocontrolitthenitbecomesabnormal ▯ -hecameupwith4differenttypesofsuicide: ▯ ▯ anomicsuicide-peoplestruggletofitin ▯ ▯ fatalisticsuicide:occursingangs ▯ ▯ egotisticsuicide:decisiontotakeoneslife ▯ ▯ altruisticsuicide:sacrificingyourselftothegroup ▯ -protectionagainstanomieissocialinteraction ▯ -Durkheimsawthatsomepeoplehavehigherlikelihoodtocommitsuicide ▯ ▯ -lowerlifeexpectancyifyoulivealone RobertMerton:-believesthewaytoachieveanomieisthroughadaptation -theorizedthatthewaytoadapttotheproblemwithanomiewasreallybasedonthe -strainistheconstantpressureyoufeel Fivemodesofadaptation- a)Conformity:acceptsmeansandthegoals;buyintothetraditionalconformistway b)Innovation:acceptthegoalsbutnotacceptthemeansEgcriminals,strippers c)Ritualists:rejectthegoalsandacceptthemeansEggoalistomakemoney,butIamhappy ▯ workingattheconveniencestore.Theirgoalishappiness d)Retreatists:withdrawfromboththemeansandthegoals,escapefromatraditionalwayoflife ▯ e)Rebellion:Botharebothpositiveandnegative;yougothroughstagesinyourlifewhere ▯ sometimesitspositiveandothertimesitsnegativeyourgoalschangeasyougetolder AlbertCohen:-elaboratesonMerton -Cohen’stheoryisbasedoffofhighschoolstudents -lookedatwhydelinquentsformedgangs -“statusfrustrati
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